Spiral curriculum is an approach to education that introduces key concepts to students at a young age and covers these concepts repeatedly, with increasing degrees of complexity. This approach is also known as also known as a "spaced" or "distrubuted" approach. It contrasts with "blocked" or "massed" curricula, which do not introduce difficult concepts until the student has reached a higher level of education.Know More
Nearly any subject can be taught with spiral curriculum. Such curricula break down key concepts into "strands," ideas that are taught year after year, adding to the depth of knowledge each year.
For example, Everyday Mathematics, a curriculum designed with the spiral approach, organizes its lessons around six broad categories (strands) of mathematical concepts that are taught in multiple units each year. Rather than waiting until students have mastered addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, Everyday Mathematics introduces algebraic concepts as early as kindergarten, when students are taught to recognize patterns and find rules governing specific mathematical functions. The curriculum returns to these ideas frequently, adding new information each year and setting higher comprehension goals for each grade level as students gain mastery of the subject.
The idea of spiral curriculum is attributed to Jerome Bruner, who discussed it in his 1960 book, "The Process of Education." Proponents of spiral curriculum say that the approach helps students score better on tests and retain information longer than students who learn from curricula that take a massed approach.Learn more about K-12 Curriculum
Social reconstructionism as a philosophy of education refers to an approach to teaching that strives to bring about a change in society and encourages students to question social inequalities. An important component of this approach to learning is the concept of praxis, in which action based on sound reasoning and ethical ideals can bring about a viable and positive change in the world. Social reconstructionism in education allows for the discussion of controversial issues in the classroom and promotes the understanding of multiple perspectives.Full Answer >
Curriculum innovation is defined as deliberate actions to improve a learning environment by adapting a method of presenting material to students that involves human interaction, hands-on activities and student feedback, according to the Annual Review of Applied Linguistics. Changes in curriculum may involve innovation, but in general, change in terms of curriculum involves adapting a new educational method and not necessarily a method with human interaction.Full Answer >
The Common Core curriculum is an aggregation of state standards developed for students between kindergarten and grade 12 in the subjects of English literacy and math. The Common Core is not federally mandated, but over 40 states have adopted the standards, as of December 2014.Full Answer >
When course material is taught in the form of an activity or hands-on project, the curriculum is considered activity based. The learning takes place as students are working in labs completing experiments or collaborating in group work through games or competitions, according to Study Lecture Notes.Full Answer >