Curriculum design is about the material, including facts, concepts, modes, topics, vocabulary and standards, that a student learns, including the order in which that material is presented. Instructional design, in contrast, focuses on how the material is taught, otherwise known as the pedagogical methodology. For example, curriculum design in U.S. History typically approaches the subject chronologically, but the instructional design varies widely from lecture format to student-led interactive approaches.Know More
Common Core is the national curriculum that has been adopted by 43 states, as of 2014. This top-level curriculum defines the skills and concepts students should learn at every grade level. This curriculum is then further defined at the state, district and school level. For instance, Common Core requires the reading of "complex texts" in its curriculum, while the state of Georgia clarifies this complexity requirement for 11th graders by saying they should "analyze seventeenth-, eighteenth-, and nineteenth-century foundational U.S. documents of historical and literary significance... for their themes, purposes, and rhetorical features" (Georgia Standards). A school in Georgia may also require students to read the Declaration of Independence. All of these are aspects of curriculum.
Instructional design is concerned with the method of delivery of the curriculum. If the curriculum topic is the Declaration of Independence, for example, one instructional method would have students complete an interactive WebQuest to define vocabulary contained in the text, to learn when and where and by whom the Declaration was signed, and analyze the persuasive rhetorical elements it contains. Another instructional design would have the teacher standing in front of the classroom giving a PowerPoint presentation while students take notes. Instruction methodologies differ widely within any given curriculum.Learn more about K-12 Curriculum
The model for curriculum design, established by Ralph W. Tyler in 1949, proposed that teachers establish teaching plans to give students the most effective education. Tyler published his work in a book called "Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction." In the book, Tyler suggested for the first time that teachers organize and evaluate their lesson plans in addition to simply evaluating students.Full Answer >
In order to take a Renaissance Learning Accelerated Reader book quiz, a student must first choose a book to read from the list of Accelerated Reader compatible titles in the learning resource company's BookFinder list. As of 2015, the list contains more than 140,000 age-graded book titles, including more than 60,000 nonfiction books When the student finishes reading the chosen book, the book's software-based quiz can then be taken at school.Full Answer >
Hilda Taba's theory of curriculum development is considered a more grassroots, inductive approach than other traditionalist models, such as Ralph Tyler's objectives model, or rational model, of curriculum design. Taba advocated for teachers to design the curriculum, rather than higher authorities dictating the curriculum to the teachers. She also believed curriculum was best designed inductively, starting with specifics and building up to a more general design.Full Answer >
A hidden curriculum refers to the life lessons that students learn at school that are not part of traditional study subjects and lesson plans. Part of a hidden curriculum includes learning how to pick up on social clues, interact with peers and establish values.Full Answer >