Hilda Taba's theory of curriculum development is considered a more grassroots, inductive approach than other traditionalist models, such as Ralph Tyler's objectives model, or rational model, of curriculum design. Taba advocated for teachers to design the curriculum, rather than higher authorities dictating the curriculum to the teachers. She also believed curriculum was best designed inductively, starting with specifics and building up to a more general design.Know More
According to Theory to Practice, Tyler's curriculum design research model is the most common model. His model, devised in 1949, poses four questions to the curriculum developer. The answers to these questions inform the four stages in the curriculum design process: stating objectives, selecting learning experiences, organizing these learning experiences and evaluation to determine whether the objectives were achieved and assess whether the learning experiences produced the desired results.
In 1962, Taba refined Tyler's curriculum development model, adding three additional stages that involved diagnosing the needs of the learners as a first step and added the selection and organization of content as additional steps. Taba's curriculum design process contained seven main steps: diagnosis of the learners' educational needs, formulating specific objectives, selection of content based on those objectives, organization of the content into appropriate levels and sequences, selection of learning experiences that help the students learn the content, organization of those learning experiences and evaluation of whether the objectives are met.Learn more in K-12 Curriculum
A hidden curriculum refers to the life lessons that students learn at school that are not part of traditional study subjects and lesson plans. Part of a hidden curriculum includes learning how to pick up on social clues, interact with peers and establish values.Full Answer >
HighReach curriculum is HighReach Learning's system of educational programs, which emphasizes project-focused play, relationship-based learning and the discovery of teaching opportunities in any experience or interaction. The program is focused on children ages 0 through 5 years, which means it is ideal for children who have not yet started kindergarten.Full Answer >
The formal curriculum, or official curriculum, relating to an institution of higher learning, refers to the outlined objectives, content, learning experiences, resources and assessment required in order to earn a specific academic degree.Full Answer >
Curriculum innovation is defined as deliberate actions to improve a learning environment by adapting a method of presenting material to students that involves human interaction, hands-on activities and student feedback, according to the Annual Review of Applied Linguistics. Changes in curriculum may involve innovation, but in general, change in terms of curriculum involves adapting a new educational method and not necessarily a method with human interaction.Full Answer >