Hilda Taba's theory of curriculum development is considered a more grassroots, inductive approach than other traditionalist models, such as Ralph Tyler's objectives model, or rational model, of curriculum design. Taba advocated for teachers to design the curriculum, rather than higher authorities dictating the curriculum to the teachers. She also believed curriculum was best designed inductively, starting with specifics and building up to a more general design.Know More
According to Theory to Practice, Tyler's curriculum design research model is the most common model. His model, devised in 1949, poses four questions to the curriculum developer. The answers to these questions inform the four stages in the curriculum design process: stating objectives, selecting learning experiences, organizing these learning experiences and evaluation to determine whether the objectives were achieved and assess whether the learning experiences produced the desired results.
In 1962, Taba refined Tyler's curriculum development model, adding three additional stages that involved diagnosing the needs of the learners as a first step and added the selection and organization of content as additional steps. Taba's curriculum design process contained seven main steps: diagnosis of the learners' educational needs, formulating specific objectives, selection of content based on those objectives, organization of the content into appropriate levels and sequences, selection of learning experiences that help the students learn the content, organization of those learning experiences and evaluation of whether the objectives are met.Learn more about K-12 Curriculum
A hidden curriculum refers to the life lessons that students learn at school that are not part of traditional study subjects and lesson plans. Part of a hidden curriculum includes learning how to pick up on social clues, interact with peers and establish values.Full Answer >
Characteristics of a planned curriculum include well-defined goals, measurable learning objectives and valid assessments. The planned curriculum should be identifiable by the careful steps taken to connect learner needs to proven research-based educational strategy and performance outcomes.Full Answer >
The formal curriculum, or official curriculum, relating to an institution of higher learning, refers to the outlined objectives, content, learning experiences, resources and assessment required in order to earn a specific academic degree.Full Answer >
A curriculum is an educational plan usually created with input from the district, school and teacher who will teach a given subject. In general, a curriculum teaches the skills and knowledge required for that grade's subject and year. The goal with any curriculum is that students learn the material that the teacher plans and teaches following the curriculum.Full Answer >