The Education Cess is a tax in India ordered to help cover the costs of government-sponsored programs. The CESS was levied in 2004. Although the rate is assessed at 2 percent of income, it is collected independently of other taxes and applies to all Indian citizens and corporations as well as anyone living in India.Know More
Originally, the Education Cess, as its name implies, was collected for the purpose of bettering public education throughout India; this is implemented in order to keep up the demands of a growing population and expanding global economic market. The Indian government felt that the nation's schools were lagging, that students were unable to continue to compete with those of nations with more advanced schools; therefore, India was unable to maintain a leading role in the global economy without taking measures to improve the overall quality of education.
The tax became a point of debate, however, with concerned citizens questioning the legitimacy when the government began assessing it prior to the receipt of formal presidential approval. The debate continued with the concerned citizens questioning just how much of the Education Cess funds were actually being allocated for the improvement of the education. The debate intensified further when the Education Cess law was amended to allow the proceeds to be used for other purposes, such as universal healthcare.Learn more about K-12
A tertiary qualification is a program of study in Australia that is considered higher education. It is very similar to college, and a tertiary qualification or education can come from a governmental or private institution.Full Answer >
Title 1 is a federal program that provides funds to elementary and secondary schools that have many children in poverty, and it's designed to help students receive the remedial education needed in core subjects. The funds can be used to hire additional staff, offer tutoring, make improvements to the school's curriculum or provide teachers with professional development activities, among other uses.Full Answer >
Also referred to as compulsory education laws, laws that required children to be enrolled in school until the age of 16 were set in place in the states in 1852. The first state to require that children attend classes was Massachusetts, and it was done to discourage parents from forcing children to work on farms and to improve reading and writing.Full Answer >
According to Cambridge University, formal education can be delayed until the age of seven to allow children to benefit from play-based experiences during early childhood. Children beginning formal education at the age of seven benefit both socially and educationally.Full Answer >