In the movie "Shrek," Donkey asks Shrek a question to which Shrek replies "yes"; when Donkey asks him, "Really?" Shrek says that he never accepted in the first place. This verbal irony is seen throughout the movie during several instances where Donkey asks Shrek a question.Know More
Verbal irony occurs when the speaker says something contradictory to what they mean. The speaker is often being sarcastic and does so in a way that is intentional. The speaker may say something like, "soft like concrete," when they are speaking about a particularly hard mattress. The speaker usually uses verbal irony in a malicious way.
To discover verbal irony in literature, the reader must be able to recognize the situation. Background knowledge on what is going on in the piece of literature is crucial to understanding verbal irony because the reader may not know that the speaker has a sarcastic nature and may not be able to recognize that the speaker is saying something opposite of what they mean.
Verbal ironies must be used at the appropriate time. If a person uses a verbal irony too soon or too late, the verbal irony will lose the meaning and will often not make any sense.Learn more in Literary Writing
Satire is a form of literature where the author pokes fun at human vices, weaknesses, and character flaws. The primary goal is shaming the target of satire into reform, with the amusement of the reader being secondary, even unnecessary.Full Answer >
An example of a parody in literature would be in William Shakespeare's Sonnet 13, which was written as a parody of typical love poems from his time period. In it, Shakespeare mocks the comparisons that poets made in their poems such as comparing their lovers lips to the red in coral or the glimmer of their lovers' eyes to the sun.Full Answer >
An example of a tragic hero in literature is Hamlet in William Shakespeare's "Hamlet" or Oedipus in Sophocles's "Oedipus Plays." The tragic hero in literature is a character who is born of noble birth and heroic traits but is destined to suffer and be destroyed by the gods but who will not accept this fate and fights against it.Full Answer >
One example of ironic contrast is someone saying, "It's certainly lovely out today," when the weather is in fact terrible. The contrast between the description and the facts is an instance of verbal irony. In broad terms, irony refers to the incongruity between what is expected and what actually happens.Full Answer >