A common example of a red herring fallacy is an appeal to pity. For instance, when a student cheats on a test, he may plead with the teacher to consider the punishment he will receive at home from his parents. The parental punishment is irrelevant to the issue at hand, which is cheating. Another example is when politicians avoid difficult subjects by mentioning other hot-button, yet irrelevant, political issues.Know More
The name of the red herring fallacy comes from fox-hunting technique in which a dried herring, which is naturally red and has a pungent smell, is dragged across the fox trail to distract the hound dogs from the fox's scent. Thus, the red herring argument happens when one arguer attempts to distract the other arguer by presenting an irrelevant topic or argument, causing the other arguer to lose sight of the real point of the discussion.
The red herring fallacy is sometimes referred to by its Latin name, ignoratio elenchi, which means "ignorance of refutation." This ignorance could be the arguer's own ignorance to the argument's intended point or the arguer's deliberate decision to ignore it. In either situation, the arguer misses the point and complicates the discussion unnecessarily in an attempt to win the argument.
The red herring fallacy is often used in mystery novels to throw the reader off the scent of the story's true villain. The author creates suspicion around several characters to keep the reader guessing right up until the end of the story.Learn more about Literary Writing
One example of antimetabole is the famous quote from Socrates who said, "Eat to live, not live to eat." Another example is from Malcolm X, who said, "We didn't land on Plymouth Rock, Plymouth Rock landed on us." Antimetabole is a literary device by which successive phrases are repeated in reverse grammatical order. A short example is "Fair is foul and foul is fair."Full Answer >
As explain on Poets.org, anaphora refers to a rhetorical device used by many writers that involves the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive lines or clauses. This device is used to establish a parallel structure and driving rhythm in many works of prose, poetry and oration.Full Answer >
Examples of personification include phrases such as, "The flower is dancing in the wind," "The fire swallowed the forest," and "The wind howled in the night." Personification is the act of adding human traits to an inanimate object or non-human animal even though it is impossible for objects to experience human feelings or perform human actions.Full Answer >
Similes make comparisons of two things using the words "like" or "as." For example, "The car was as red as an apple." Similes can also use the words "than" or "as if," such as in, "She was larger than life," and "He worked as if his life depended on it."Full Answer >