A common example of a red herring fallacy is an appeal to pity. For instance, when a student cheats on a test, he may plead with the teacher to consider the punishment he will receive at home from his parents. The parental punishment is irrelevant to the issue at hand, which is cheating. Another example is when politicians avoid difficult subjects by mentioning other hot-button, yet irrelevant, political issues.Know More
The name of the red herring fallacy comes from fox-hunting technique in which a dried herring, which is naturally red and has a pungent smell, is dragged across the fox trail to distract the hound dogs from the fox's scent. Thus, the red herring argument happens when one arguer attempts to distract the other arguer by presenting an irrelevant topic or argument, causing the other arguer to lose sight of the real point of the discussion.
The red herring fallacy is sometimes referred to by its Latin name, ignoratio elenchi, which means "ignorance of refutation." This ignorance could be the arguer's own ignorance to the argument's intended point or the arguer's deliberate decision to ignore it. In either situation, the arguer misses the point and complicates the discussion unnecessarily in an attempt to win the argument.
The red herring fallacy is often used in mystery novels to throw the reader off the scent of the story's true villain. The author creates suspicion around several characters to keep the reader guessing right up until the end of the story.Learn more about Literary Writing
As explain on Poets.org, anaphora refers to a rhetorical device used by many writers that involves the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive lines or clauses. This device is used to establish a parallel structure and driving rhythm in many works of prose, poetry and oration.Full Answer >
The most famous examples of hamartia include the actions of Hamlet in Shakespeare's play of the same name, the behavior of Oedipus in "Oedipus the King" by Sophocles and the conduct of Victor in "Frankenstein," a novel by Mary Shelley. Hamartia is a literary term meaning "a tragic flaw."Full Answer >
Mailing notations are instructions to the postal service and mail rooms on how to process a letter, such as "confidential," "special delivery," "certified mail" and "airmail." Formal business letters include mailing notations on the actual letter and on the envelope, explains About.com.Full Answer >
Examples of personification include phrases such as, "The flower is dancing in the wind," "The fire swallowed the forest," and "The wind howled in the night." Personification is the act of adding human traits to an inanimate object or non-human animal even though it is impossible for objects to experience human feelings or perform human actions.Full Answer >