A common example of a red herring fallacy is an appeal to pity. For instance, when a student cheats on a test, he may plead with the teacher to consider the punishment he will receive at home from his parents. The parental punishment is irrelevant to the issue at hand, which is cheating. Another example is when politicians avoid difficult subjects by mentioning other hot-button, yet irrelevant, political issues.Know More
The name of the red herring fallacy comes from fox-hunting technique in which a dried herring, which is naturally red and has a pungent smell, is dragged across the fox trail to distract the hound dogs from the fox's scent. Thus, the red herring argument happens when one arguer attempts to distract the other arguer by presenting an irrelevant topic or argument, causing the other arguer to lose sight of the real point of the discussion.
The red herring fallacy is sometimes referred to by its Latin name, ignoratio elenchi, which means "ignorance of refutation." This ignorance could be the arguer's own ignorance to the argument's intended point or the arguer's deliberate decision to ignore it. In either situation, the arguer misses the point and complicates the discussion unnecessarily in an attempt to win the argument.
The red herring fallacy is often used in mystery novels to throw the reader off the scent of the story's true villain. The author creates suspicion around several characters to keep the reader guessing right up until the end of the story.Learn more about Literary Writing
An example of an imagery sentence is, "The morning air was damp yet crisp and the intermittent drizzling rain only added to the gloomy, wet and haggard feeling," which is imagery that describes the place that the character is in. Another example of imagery would be, "There are wheels within wheels in this village, and fires within fires" found in Act One of Arthur Miller's "The Crucible," which is imagery about the devil and hell.Full Answer >
A funny example of irony is a woman who falls asleep reading a book about overcoming sleep problems. Other examples include a spelling exam that misspells its instructions, or a sign advertising a construction service that falls apart.Full Answer >
An example of a short anecdote would be the story about a young girl whose mother cut off both ends of a ham at dinner because her mother had always done it that way. When the young girl called her grandmother to ask the reason, the grandmother replied, "because the pan was too small." This anecdote is comical and provides a moral as well, since the mother was blindly following a procedure (cutting off the ends of the ham) that she did not need to do.Full Answer >
An example of cacophony would be "We want no parlay with you and your grisly gang who worked your wicked will," spoken by Winston Churchill, according to the University of Kentucky. Another example of cacophony might be "Crash, bang, clang!" says the Changing Minds organization.Full Answer >