Fallacies are errors in reasoning used in oral, written and visual arguments to intentionally disguise the lack of logic or to substitute for factual argumentative points. A fallacy in logic is an error in reasoning that renders an argument logically invalid. Hundreds of fallacies have been identified and labelled. Fallacies are commonly found in everyday life, particularly in advertisements and politics.Know More
Campaigns for political office frequently employ logical fallacies. Common examples of fallacies used by candidates include ad hominem attacks against the opponent instead of the topic; false dichotomy or false dilemma arguments, in which a limited number of options are unfairly presented with the implication that choice must be made from only these; and the straw man argument, in which the reasoner sets up a weak argument and then knocks it down by oversimplifying the opponent's position and then refuting the oversimplification.
Fallacies are found in visual arguments and arrangements as well because visual information can be distorted or manipulated just as words can. Because people tend to believe what they see, visual forms of persuasion can be powerful. Various fallacies are used visually, including style over substance, appeal to emotions, appeal to authority and loaded language. Bandwagon fallacies that present the impression that everyone is doing, buying or believing something are commonly used in advertising attempts to persuade a consumer to also do, buy or believe something.Learn more about Public Speaking
Making opening remarks at an event involves greeting people and making a statement of purpose or motivation. Often, it's helpful to begin with a rhetorical question, an appropriate quotation or a provocative statement. While preparing opening remarks, it's important to remember that the point of the welcoming speech is to help everyone attending the event look forward to what's coming next.Full Answer >
Advantages of the method demonstration practice of teaching include the ability for participants to see, feel and participate directly in the learning process and the enhanced learning ability of those being instructed. Disadvantages of method demonstration include the risk of too many participants being involved and a potential shortage of time, resources and facility space, which limits the hands-on opportunities of the participants.Full Answer >
A kindergarten graduation speech should include recognition of achievements, praise, positive language that is easy for the graduates to understand and a note of thanks to the teachers and the parents of the graduates. Graduation day is a big step for kindergartners, so it's important to make the graduates feel a part of the ceremony.Full Answer >
Effective public speakers are relaxed, well-practiced, descriptive and personable with their audience. They also tend to be well-prepared, often having rehearsed their speech using visualization techniques.Full Answer >