Q:

What are horizontal and vertical curricula?

A:

A vertical curriculum links knowledge from one lesson to the next across a program of study, while a horizontal curriculum integrates knowledge across different classes or disciplines. An integrated curriculum uses both approaches.

In a vertical curriculum, what is learned in one lesson prepares students for the next lesson. It establishes skills and knowledge which are used and further developed across a whole program of study. In this way, basic skills and knowledge are both developed and reinforced as other elements are introduced into study. This method of teaching is structured and progressive, focusing on building to advanced levels of knowledge.

A horizontal curriculum means that what is studied in one particular course in an institution is in line with other, similar classes both in terms of course content and evaluation. Horizontal coherence means that teachers are evaluating students based on the standards for a particular subject and grade level.

Horizontal integration may also mean the integration of basic concepts from one course or discipline into another. For example, in studying medicine, certain basic concepts may be relevant to the study of multiple disciplines, such as anatomy, biochemistry, physiology and more. Conversely, topics such as ethics and finance from other disciplines may be integrated into the study of medicine.


Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    How do you earn a varsity letter?

    A:

    The qualifications to earn a varsity letter vary from one school to the next. In general, most schools require that an athlete has exhibited above-average talent within a specific sport and is in senior standing with a record of playing the sport four years in high school. Students must maintain a minimum grade point average or level of academic success and attend classes, practices and games consistently.

    Full Answer >
  • Q:

    What is the importance of curricula?

    A:

    Having a curriculum provides several benefits, such as providing a structure for an educational course and having an end goal that teachers set for their students to reach. Curricula vary widely in structure and complexity, but are valuable for many different areas of education, including linguistics, mathematics and the sciences.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the best way for beginners to start tai chi?

    A:

    The best way for a beginner to start practicing tai chi is to check with a doctor first, research the different styles, find local tai chi classes, try different classes, and then choose the one that is most enjoyable. This process should take about a week.

    Full Answer >
  • Q:

    What were Karl Marx's contributions to economics?

    A:

    Karl Marx's primary contribution to economics was a new framework that described economics as a struggle for power between different classes. His critiques of capitalism have been accepted by many economic theorists. His work has also spawned countless debates.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore