Citing sources in accordance with the Modern Language Association Style ManualÂ requires bothÂ parenthetical in-text citations and aÂ full and detailed list of references at the end of the paper. In-text citationsÂ should be brief, typically including onlyÂ the author's name and relevant page numbers, while the reference list should provide more details on these, such as the title, date, place and publisher of each source.Know More
In-text citations are placed within brackets or parentheses within the same clause of a sentence, before punctuation marks designating a natural pause, as the writer's actual reference to each source. For example, when pointing out that another writer has made a similar point, the student should write, "This concern has been expressed elsewhere (Dover 118-21)." In this example, "Dover" is the author's name and "118-21" refers to the relevant page numbers.
The full references list should be alphabetically ordered by the surnames of their authors or, when the author is not known, by the title. Multiple publishers may be listed, divided by a semicolon, but publishers' names should always be shortened by removing any words unnecessary for identification such as "Press," "Co." and "Inc." Only the first city given for a publisher needs to be included in a full citation.
The first line of each entry in the list should be indented by five to seven spaces.
The template for a full citation is as follows, with the title of the book italicized: Last name, First name. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year. Medium of Publication.
Well-known historical documents, such as the United States Constitution, do not need to be referenced.Learn more about Writing
To format a heading for a college paper in MLA format, follow the general guidelines of MLA formatting such as the correct font, spacing, margins and using a header. After this is established, input the expected information including your name, instructor's name, the course, date and title.Full Answer >
The MLA style guide calls for in-text citations to be placed inside parentheses directly after the information being cited. Enough information should be placed in the parentheses that the source can be located in the bibliography, but the nature of the information varies depending on the medium of the source.Full Answer >
To create parenthetical citations, add the necessary information to the sentence or passage in which you incorporate a quotation or paragraph from a research source. This gives the original author of the source credit for the information.Full Answer >
The abbreviation "MLA" most often stands for "Modern Language Association." Founded in 1883, the MLA describes itself as an organization that provides its members the opportunity to share and exchange scholarly findings and education-related experiences with their colleagues and peers.Full Answer >