In literature, plot refers to the main storyline of a literary work. Novels, short stories, memoirs and plays all have plots, but poems and essays typically do not.Know More
Although the term plot is often used synonymously with storyline, it should not be confused with the action in the story, and it is not the same as the events in the story. Instead, it is a more comprehensive term that includes the story's action and its conflict as well as the motivations behind the action. Even exposition is considered to be part of a story's plot. The most traditional plot structure involves exposition or introduction, action, climax and resolution.
In "The Basic Patterns of Plot," literary theorist William Foster-Harris claims there are three types of plots: happy endings, unhappy endings, and plots that start at a happy or unhappy event and end at a question that makes the reader wail.
In "20 Master Plots," Ronald Tobias suggests that there are 20 basic plots, and he gives them labels like quest, forbidden love and rivalry. Georges Polti raised this number to 36 in his book "The Thirty-six Dramatic Situations," and his list includes plots like adultery, self-sacrifice for a kindred and crime pursued for vengeance.Learn More
Mood is a literary device authors use to evoke feelings within their readers. They create mood with their setting and character descriptions, tone and diction, or word choice.Full Answer >
The purpose that a character serves within a work is the best and simplest definition of functional significance as it applies to characters in a literary work. When constructing a story, an author uses characters to drive the action. Each character's actions and interactions help define his or her function within the story.Full Answer >
The main elements of literature are the theme, setting, plot, narrator and characters in a story. Some other elements of literature include the connotation or implied meaning, symbolism and imagery.Full Answer >
An example of a parody in literature would be in William Shakespeare's Sonnet 13, which was written as a parody of typical love poems from his time period. In it, Shakespeare mocks the comparisons that poets made in their poems such as comparing their lovers lips to the red in coral or the glimmer of their lovers' eyes to the sun.Full Answer >