The model for curriculum design, established by Ralph W. Tyler in 1949, proposed that teachers establish teaching plans to give students the most effective education. Tyler published his work in a book called "Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction." In the book, Tyler suggested for the first time that teachers organize and evaluate their lesson plans in addition to simply evaluating students.
With "Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction," Tyler shifted some of the burden of learning to teachers. Teachers, instead of just students, had responsibility for achieving a set level of performance. The Tyler model proposed, for the first time, that educational curricula should expand and change to accommodate learning styles of students, teaching methods of instructors and to reflect new information and technologies in certain academic fields. The Tyler model for classroom instruction presented a novel approach to educational assessment, planning and evaluation that broke from the tradition of simply lecturing students then assessing knowledge through a series of tests. Tyler’s model proposed that instructors spend equal amounts of time assessing instructional plans and evaluating student learning. The four sections of the book include chapters on establishing objectives, focusing on learning experiences, planning and organizing short-term and long-term instruction tutorials and evaluating student and teacher progress.Learn More
To effectively teach English grammar to children, teachers must model the task first, then guide students through a lesson and provide time for them to practice the new concept. Depending on the topic, teachers can also use games, videos and even websites to aid learning.Full Answer >
The field of education has a number of challenges in terms of policy planning, and statistics are particularly important as they often provide some of the only objective information that administrators use when making organizational and curricular decisions. Without this hard data in place, often nothing separates the merits of the various arguments that people on different sides of policy decisions make supporting their own cases.Full Answer >
Principles of Accounting I is a common undergraduate course taken by students in business-related fields at a college or university. Students learn basic aspects of record keeping and financial statement preparation. Initial topics in a typical Principles course include the general ledger, debits and credits, and recording transactions.Full Answer >
Grading on a curve requires first determining what percentage of students should receive each letter grade on a test or assignment and then assigning those grades in order of performance. The top students receive A's until those are exhausted, the next group receive B's, and so on.Full Answer >