Selective perception is a form of bias that causes people to perceive messages and actions according to their frame of reference. Using selective perception, people tend to overlook or forget information that contradicts their beliefs or expectations.Know More
There are two types of selective perception. Perceptual vigilance refers to people noticing stimuli such as advertising or news reports that are significant to them. For example, someone considering buying a certain brand of car is more likely to notice ads about that car than someone who is neutral to the brand. In contrast, perceptual defense refers to people creating a barrier to screen out stimuli they find threatening or unpleasant. For example, a smoker might filter out a photo of a diseased lung.
A classic study that illustrates both types of selective perception. When students at Princeton and Dartmouth universities watched a film of a football game between the two schools, the Princeton students noticed more penalties committed by Dartmouth, and the Dartmouth students noticed more penalties committed by Princeton. Each group judged the football game depending on their team allegiance and ignored evidence that contradicted what they wanted to see.
Experts say that the factors influencing selective perception include previous experiences, attitudes, conditioning, gender, age, race and emotional state.Learn more about Writing
To make an acknowledgement in a research paper, a writer should express thanks by using the full or professional names of the people being thanked and should specify exactly how the people being acknowledged helped. The acknowledgement should come at the beginning of a paper, after the table of contents and before the body of the article begins. It should use professional language that is consistent with the tone of the rest of the paper.Full Answer >
A book's dedication page should address the people who the author is dedicating the work to and should tell why the book is being dedicated to the chosen people. The reason for dedication should be personal and show how important the people dedicated are to the writer's life. For example, it may provide a short memorable story about the person or include a joke between the writer and the person.Full Answer >
Unless the author is well known, people who want to annotate an article should begin by including their full name and qualifications. They should then focus on the text's main purpose and scope, while remaining concise.Full Answer >
The best places to find descriptive paragraphs about people are fiction narratives, according to About.com. Passages in which the narrator tells the reader about another character, often using specific imagery, are most likely to yield such paragraphs.Full Answer >