There are seven steps to an investigatory project: ask a question, conduct the research, form a hypothesis, design an experiment, analyze the results, draw a conclusion and communicate the results. The steps to an investigatory project are often referred to as the scientific method.Know More
The first three steps prepare the researcher for the experiment. Finding and researching a topic that can be measured is often the hardest part of the project. Start by finding an interesting subject, and ask "how, what, when, who, which, why or where." This helps develop a question and hypothesis and aids in establishing the direction the research should take.
The experiment should be conducted several times before any conclusions are formed. This ensures the results are valid. Additionally, it is crucial to document each small change that is made while everything else stays the same. This keeps the experiment fair.
The analysis should support the hypothesis and answer the question. If the result does not do these two things, researchers must begin the process again. It is only after the hypothesis and the question are supported by the analysis that a conclusion can be drawn. The results of the experiment are communicated through a report or visual display to share with others.Learn more about Academic Essays
A good example of an investigatory project is the use of cogon grass to make cardboard food packaging. The amount of cogon resin and other ingredients was made constant, while the measure of starch was different for every treatment.Full Answer >
Analytical research explores a topic in-depth, often beginning with a question that asks why or how. Unlike descriptive research, which aims to determine what something is, analytical research is an attempt to establish why something is a certain way or how it came to be that way.Full Answer >
The conclusion in a science project summarizes the results of the experiment and either contradicts or supports the original hypothesis. It is a simple and straightforward answer to the question posed by the experiment. This section is clear, concise and informative.Full Answer >
According to HowStuffWorks.com, the five steps in the scientific method are make an observation, ask a question, form a hypothesis, conduct an experiment and accept or reject the hypothesis. Various numbers of steps are sometimes used to explain the scientific method, but they all include the same ideas.Full Answer >