Some types of curriculum include the overt curriculum, the societal curriculum, the hidden curriculum and the null curriculum. Although there are many formal definitions of curriculum, educational theorist Leslie Owen Wilson defines the concept as "anything and everything that teaches a lesson, planned or otherwise."Know More
The overt curriculum is the most common conception of the term. Also known as the explicit or written curriculum, this encompasses anything that is part of the process of formal schooling, from written lesson plans and activities to textbooks and films. The societal curriculum is taught outside of school, forming social knowledge of the world. Venues for the societal curriculum include families, peer groups, neighborhoods, jobs and media sources.
The hidden or covert curriculum is derived from the nature and organization of schools. It is what children learn from the administrative structure of schools and the attitudes of teachers and administrators. Examples of the hidden curriculum include the lessons students take from practices, such as standing in line, raising hands to be called on and following a rigid class schedule. The null curriculum is any subject matter that is not taught in school, which can give students the impression that these materials are less important. For example, in American schools, the culture and history of many non-Western people is often covered only slightly or sometimes not at all.Learn more about K-12 Curriculum
Spiral curriculum is an approach to education that introduces key concepts to students at a young age and covers these concepts repeatedly, with increasing degrees of complexity. This approach is also known as also known as a "spaced" or "distrubuted" approach. It contrasts with "blocked" or "massed" curricula, which do not introduce difficult concepts until the student has reached a higher level of education.Full Answer >
A thematic unit is an educational plan in which all subjects in a curriculum are incorporated into a central theme, such as using the solar system for math problems, science experiments and reading assignments. Thematic units are based around student's grade level and based on real-world experiences.Full Answer >
A curriculum is an educational plan usually created with input from the district, school and teacher who will teach a given subject. In general, a curriculum teaches the skills and knowledge required for that grade's subject and year. The goal with any curriculum is that students learn the material that the teacher plans and teaches following the curriculum.Full Answer >
Fifth grade math curriculum varies between schools, but most curricula have several common elements. Fifth grade math focuses on practice with fractions and decimals, and measurement with different units. Fifth graders also learn about graphing and exponents.Full Answer >