Urbanization refers to the number of people who migrate from rural areas to urban areas, resulting in growth. This phenomena results in the development of land for the use of residential and commercial properties and roads.
Urbanization typically occurs when individuals move closer to cities to avoid a long commute to work and to have access to better education, housing and health care. Also, rural and farm life can be more susceptible to drought and hardship. Cities are better known for economic advancements than rural areas, and businesses make the move towards urbanization to remain competitive and to increase growth.