A discussion of the significance of a study typically includes an explanation of the work's significance, its potential benefits and its overall impact. The significance of a study, often called the "rationale," attempts to explain to an audience why a researcher's work is worth performing. This section can help gain support or funding for a research project.
The rationale often explains which specific groups of people can benefit from the research. It typically indicates how the specific project fits within the developing body of knowledge. If the research project is part of a larger investigation, the rationale explains the overall importance of that larger project as well.
Researchers attempting to describe the significance of a study should consider why their work is important and what its implications are. They should consider how the study might fill in knowledge gaps in their field, develop better theoretical models or point the way toward further study. Researchers should also examine what impact the study might have not just on the academic or scientific community but also on the general public. They should present practical benefits, such as how the work might inform policy, improve some aspect of people's lives, help people save money, make a process more efficient or help the environment. They should also explain the unique perspectives they or their team bring to the project.