Japanese elm trees are hardy plants that are wonderful to use for landscaping. With their rich, deep green foliage that turns a deep orange or even red during the fall, they make for quite a sight on your front lawn. If you are considering growing a Japanese elm, you will no doubt want to learn all you can about it.
Fortunately, Japanese elm trees are considerably more disease resistant to disease than their American counterparts. The bark of the tree is usually smooth and colored gray, yet it can also appear in a dark red color due to occasional flaking. Japanese elms tend to best thrive in hardiness zones 5 through 8 and require full sunlight to partial shade for optimal growth. When it reaches maturity, the Japanese elm can reach heights ranging between 50 and 80 feet, with a spread of 40 to 60 feet in width.
When you are planting your new Japanese elm tree, make sure to select a spot where the soil is well draining. It can basically do well in any type of soil and will grow moderately fast. Watering your tree should be done regularly, and you can use water from the hose or sprinkler, or rain water will suffice. Make sure you keep its soil bed moist, as the Japanese elm will not tolerate arid conditions.
Pruning is a necessary activity that must be performed on occasion. Any dead, diseased and damaged branches should be trimmed away with the use of a good, sharp, clean pair of pruning shears. You can also perform your pruning in order to maintain the Japanese elm's natural shape. Make sure you do your pruning during the winter, the time during which the tree is in its dormant period. This way, you will not disturb any growing buds. Trim away at any branches that are particularly low to the ground to improve maneuverability around the tree.