The Hawthorn shrub, otherwise known as the Indian Hawthorn shrub, originated in China. They are beautiful bushes with rich green leaves that can bloom lovely little flowers in shades of white and pink and are a popular means by which to landscape. If you are interested in acquiring a Hawthorn shrub for your garden or porch area, you will have to know the proper steps that go into caring for these plants.
Hawthorn shrubs best thrives in zones 7 to 10 in the United States. They are extremely low maintenance, which adds to their overall appeal, and can do well during times of drought and high humidity. Checking the wood annually for dead or damaged wood is important so that you can remove it. The removal of these pieces is good for the growth of new buds. The late winter season is the ideal time to check for the dead wood, as the leaves are gone during the colder months and you can more easily see the individual branches.
You will find that your Hawthorn shrub also does very well in full sunlight. Planting the shrub in partial shade is okay, but avoid a spot that is completely shady. This will adversely affect the plant, and it will develop spots. To ensure that your Hawthorn shrub thrives best, plant it in an area that is to the east so that it receives the maximum amount of bright sunshine.
Hawthorn shrubs have glossy green leaves in a rich tone, which stays through spring all the way into fall. As with many bushes and trees, the leaves change in late autumn, and you can expect them to grow to a lovely red shade during this time.
During the later summer, the shrub sports shiny blue berries, which add a beautiful touch to an already beautiful plant. In the winter, you can expect your Hawthorn to grow red berries. Birds will no doubt flock to your Hawthorn shrub to feed on these berries, but avoid eating them yourself, and don't give any to your family. Many types of berries tend to be poisonous to humans.
Shaping is a typical action gardeners take when they own and care for bushes or shrubs. If you intend to shape your Hawthorn at all, make sure to do so in the early summer, as this is the ideal time to shape the plant. This will help to not only maintain the desired shape itself but will also keep the shrub looking neat and ensure its overall health, which is important, especially if you live outside of zones 7 to 10.
Pruning is essential in properly caring for your Hawthorn shrub. When you perform the pruning, be sure to remove any pieces of the branches that appear diseased or that are cracked. Make sure that no limbs touch the soil upon which the shrub is growing. Make your pruning cuts flush to the healthy new wood, and above a bud or down to the parent branch outside the branch collar. Trim beneath the shrub to raise its height and to clear the walkway areas around it.