Fishing Tips for Water of Different Temperatures
By Nicholas Chen
, last updated December 23, 2011
Here are some tips which should be followed for fishing in waters with varying temperatures. Different temperatures call for breeding of different species of fish. Bass, for instance are usually found in boundary waters and they become more active as the temperature increases. Ideally they like to spawn in water temperatures of 58 to 62 degrees. So if you are looking for action in the hot summer days, shallow water bass is your ideal dinner meal.
Walleye are another popular fish that spawns in colder waters. It can be abundantly found in spring right after the ice melts. They move into deeper waters as temperatures begin to rise and spring turns into summer. Live minnows can be used as bait in the spring and the fall and leeches are ideal for summers. Changes in water temperature not only affect the location of the fish but also the kind of bait that they prefer.
Lake trout are another favorite fish type, usually found in colder waters. During spring, the line and the bait can be used without extra sinkers since the trout swims in shallow waters due to the relatively cooler temperature. However, as water temperatures increase, they retreat to depths ranging from 50 to 100 feet. This requires heavy sinkers for the bait to touch deep waters. Depending on the wind direction approximately a 2 oz sinker is required.
Water temperatures also tell the angler which kind of lure would be more effective. Jigs are usually used for fish, which are near or on the bottom of the lake or ocean. Which means that during summers as most of the cool water fish spawn in deep waters, jigs should be used as lures. With their sinkers and simple lift and fall motion as opposed to spinner baits, jigs prove to be more effective.
However, as with so many activities, don’t really only one factor… in this case, water temperatures. You also need to keep in mind your fishing location. It should be that point in a lake, river or sea where the water turns from shallow to deep. Fish usually gather in this area in search of food. The lures used while fishing need to be attractive enough for the fish. Shiny lures are usually successful in attracting a particular kind of fish but the reflection of the sun might blind the fish and deflect them in another direction. Thus a matted metal lure should be used to avoid such shortcomings in conditions of extreme brightness. Expert anglers often recommend fishing near the shore line and mossy areas where fish congregate to forage for food. Worms are usually preferred by most as the perfect bait; however, locusts make better meals for big fish like bass.
Another thing to consider when fishing is timing. The best time for fishing is at sunrise. Anglers should wake up early in the morning to catch more fish. It’s suggested that thorough research should be done about the region where you intend to fish to gather knowledge about the kinds of fish that live there and their preferred meals. Checking out the local fishing reports for the day gives you a rough idea of where the fish are biting. You should keep a close watch on your fishing line to understand the difference between a curious fish and one that is biting the bait so that it can be hooked and reeled in efficiently.
Don’t forget to be patient! It’s the key to good fishing practice. Waiting always pays off in the end. The more you wait the better catch you can expect in a given day.
Experimentation is always important, regardless of whether the angler is fishing in fresh or salty waters. The bait should be presented in a perfect plate which basically means that the angler has to change the jigging motions and presentation of the bait. Water temperatures do affect the nature of the lures being used. Cooler waters usually contain fish near the surface, which can be caught with a normal hook and bait, without sinkers. However, fish in such waters usually get attracted to a slow movement of the lure.
Magazines, books and online sources can provide you with the knowledge you need for fishing but mastering the skill comes with practice and there is no easy way to it. It’s learning by doing. Once you get a command over the basics the rest will follow with experience and intuitive ability which will help you in deciding the best casting or jigging motion.