Zone 5 is the area in the United States where the average low temperature is between -20 and -10 degrees Fahrenheit in the winter months. This zone runs roughly across the middle of the country and includes areas in Iowa, Nebraska, Missouri, Indiana and parts of New York, New Jersey, Indiana and Oregon. Zone 5 also tends to have between 240 and 270 days in the growing season, thus allowing fruit trees to blossom and produce fruit before a fall frost.
Apple trees can be grown in many different zones, but there are cultivars that grow well in zone 5. These trees need to be grown in well-drained soil where they can receive full sun. Choose a variety that grows well locally.
European pears including Bartlett do not grow well in zone 5, as they are susceptible to late spring frost. Grow a variety of Asian pear instead as these ornamental trees bud latter in the season. More than one Asian pear tree will need to be planted to ensure fertilization and the production of fruit.
Cherry trees are now available in dwarf varieties as well as the standard larger tree. Many birds enjoy eating the fruit from these trees and it may be difficult to harvest any fruit before they eat it all. Netting can be placed over dwarf trees to eliminate this problem. Most cherry tree varieties are not self- pollinating so choose a cultivar that will self-pollinate if only one tree is desired.
Plum trees are native to many areas around the globe so finding a variety to grow locally should not be a problem. Verify the chosen variety is a self-pollinator or purchase several trees to ensure fruit is produced.
These are only a few of the fruit trees that can grow in zone 5. Additional ideas include peach, apricot, mulberry, paw paw, and persimmon trees.