Theories abound when it comes to pitching mechanics, however the best way to succeed as a Little League pitcher is to focus on change ups rather than velocity. Instead of breaking down each pitch into a sum of its parts, the best way a coach can help his Little League pitcher become more successful is to teach him a variety of solutions to every batting situation. Not only will this allow the pitcher to try out a variety of throws and figure out his strengths as a pitcher, but it will keep the batter guessing, a crucial component in baseball strategy. These pitches are all excellent versions to best get your Little Leaguer acquainted with the variety of pitches possible.
There are two versions when it comes to throwing a proper fastball: four seam and two seam. The four seam allows for a bit more control while pitchers are getting the hang of their technique. To throw a four seam fastball, start by placing the index and middle fingers so that they are perpendicularly crossing the seam. You will want the curve or "horseshoe" of the seam to face inside. The thumb should be resting and centered on the bottom. You want to make sure your grip is relaxed, as though you were holding an egg or something fragile. For maximum velocity, allow for some space between the ball and your hand. Now throw like a champ.
This is a great pitch for Little Leaguers, as it accommodates smaller hands and does not require a lot of velocity to get a strike. In order to do this throw, position the ball in the hand with your index, middle, and ring finger arranged evenly about the top of the ball and your thumb and pinky supporting from below. The hand will be a slightly relaxed claw. Curl the fingers so that the baseball is nestled snugly in the palm and throw it as you would a fastball, with the same mechanics.
Similar to a change up, this variation is an off-speed pitch which means you will throw the ball slower than a normal fastball. This variation also allows for more control, which can be helpful if your pitcher isn't used to handling baseballs. Nestle it deep in the palm and wrap the fingers tightly around the ball, evenly spaced. Your index and ring should be on either side with the thumb below and centered. For more zing, turn the ball slightly as you release.
This is an excellent learning pitch for the younger set while being one of baseball's classic throws. This style of pitch is the exact opposite of a fastball, with both the leverage and direction reversed. Start by gripping the ball normally while pointing with your index finger. Consider this your sightline as a pitcher. Now, align your middle finger and thumb on the two seams. Ideally, your ball should go where the finger is pointing, making this a great way to connect the visual-spatial dots for beginners.