Growing Healthy Geraniums

By Renee Gerber , last updated December 22, 2011

When growing geraniums, it is important to know all the proper care techniques in order to insure the health and beauty of the plant throughout the blooming season. Geraniums are lovely perennial plants that sport wonderful blooms that can appear in a variety of colors, including red and pink. They make a great addition to any home garden and are good for adding brilliant color to your yard.

When planting a geranium, you can start with seeds in a pot. Keep in mind, however, that these plants are slow growing. You can apply the seeds to a container filled with a good soil mixture that consists of equal parts of peat moss and vermiculite. The soil should have good drainage so that the geraniums will not be threatened by the risk of fungus. Water the soil thoroughly and let it sit to drain for a few hours.

After that time has expired, the next step you should take is to move the seeds in separate rows of about two to three inches apart and cover them with about 1/8th of an inch of the soil mixture. Again, water the container sufficiently, this time by partially placing the container in water. After the surface of the soil becomes wet, remove the container and let it drain elsewhere. Use a clear plastic medium with which to cover your plants to serve as a miniature greenhouse.

Place the geraniums in an area where they will have access to light. It is best to use a full spectrum light that mimics sunlight and to avoid placing the plant in a windowsill, as it should avoid actual sunlight during this time. The temperature of the room should be limited to no more than around 75 degrees Fahrenheit. This is important so that the plant can avoid extreme heat due to its plastic covering.

Once you see the geraniums beginning to germinate, you can transplant each of the seedlings to their own containers. Be especially careful when handling the plants, as they are extremely delicate and can easily break. Make sure to use a good mixture of soil that contains two parts perlite and two parts peat, plus one part actual soil.

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