Mangels, or Beta vulgaris L., are easy to grow in quantities both large and small. Also called common beets or fodder beets, mangels are a crop with one of the highest yields that you can grow. This crop is important in Europe, where it is used as cattle feed. And, from mangels came the sugar beet, which provides about one-third of the world's supply of sugar. It's the world's second most important source of sugar, in fact!
Beta vulgaris L. is either an annual or a biennial herb. It has dark green or reddish leaves that often form a rosette from the underground stem. It has a flowering stalk that is between 1.2 and 1.8 meters tall. Its roots are typically a deep red color and they may be cylindrical or globular.
To grow this vegetable properly, it should be planted in a cool climate. In the United States, it is grown along most of the east and west coasts and in a few middle states, such as Montana, Arkansas, and Michigan. It can tolerate an annual precipitation of between 23 and 31.5 DM and annual temperatures of between 41 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. It prefers soils with a pH of between 4.2 and 8.2.
These vegetables are usually propagated by seed in the early spring, or as soon as the ground is ready to be tilled. These seeds germinate best when the temperature is between 64 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. If you're planting these at home, you can plant them successively every ten to fourteen days until three or four plantings are in; this will ensure that you have a continuous supply of fresh beets.
The seeds should be planted at depths of between 1.5 and 2.0 centimeters in rows that are between 30 and 45 centimeters apart. They should be covered with dirt. You should control the weeds around your beets continuously, a process that is aided by shallow cultivation.