Growing beefsteak tomatoes is relatively easy and requires minimal care. Beefsteak tomatoes are delicious and juicy, and are the largest cultivated tomatoes weighing up to 2 pounds. They are particular tasty in sandwiches and burgers, and can be used to make a great sauce. If planted and maintained correctly you can have large beefsteak tomatoes in your garden in just 3 months!
In the fall, choose a spot to plant your tomatoes. You should choose soil that has not had tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, or potatoes growing on it in the last 3 years, as this will increase the chance of soil-borne disease. Make sure to test the soil, as tomatoes are best grown in a neutral acid area with a pH level of 6.5 to 7. Also potassium and nitrogen levels should be balanced. Amend the soil if needed to achieve these levels. In the spring, about 3-4 weeks before planting, till the soil by removing any weeds and adding nitrogen to the area. Beefsteak tomatoes grow best when a drip irrigation system is installed. This allows for water to reach plant roots without collecting on the fragile tomato foliage. Install a drip system down the middle of your bed and cover it with black landscape fabric. Cover this with straw mulch.
Tomatoes should be planted 18 to 36 inches apart with rows at least 5 feet apart. After three weeks of regular watering (make sure the soil always remains moist) you will begin to see your first sprouting. Remove this sprout, as this will send a signal to the plant to stimulate tomato production, causing larger tomatoes and an earlier crop. When your second sprouting reaches 6 inches in height you can begin tying your vine to a trellis or stake. Beefsteak tomatoes can grow over 5 feet tall so make sure you plan according when staking your vines.
After about 3 months your first tomatoes will reach maturity. Make sure you keep staking your vines during this time and water them regularly. Set your drip system to release water evenly and timely. When tomatoes seem red and ripe, pick them off and enjoy your harvest!