Growing an avocado is not for the impatient or those who want quick results because it takes time, a lot of time. Avocados bought in the market are produced by trees that have been grafted. A grafted tree can produce avocados in one to three years. A plant grown from seed will take five to thirteen years to mature, flower and produce fruit. If your houseplant does grow fruit, the avocados will not have a pleasing taste. This is because the fruit from seeds is not true to the original plant. This is why the seedlings are usually grafted. If you want an avocado tree it is best to purchase one from your local nursery.
Avocados can be cultivated year round. The tree can grow up to 80 feet tall, but farmers keep it trimmed half that height to make it easier to pick. The average tree can put out 150 pieces of fruit, although some are known to produce up to 500 avocados. Avocados don’t ripe on the tree, they ripe after being picked. It’s ready to eat when soft to the touch.
After enjoying the delicious buttery taste of the avocados, keep the seed and grow your own avocado plant. In three to six weeks, you’ll see roots sprouting and a stem growing. When the stem is about an inch or two with leaves, it will be time to plant in soil. You’ll need only 4 items, one avocado seed, four or five toothpicks, a small glass container and water.
First gently scrape the seed or pit clean and wash in water. You want the bottom or broad end of the seed one third to one half in the water. To keep the top end from sinking down into the water, you insert the toothpicks evenly, half way around the sides of the pit. Then suspend the seed in the water. Keep the glass out direct sun and change the water often.
With patience, you’ll have an avocado plant. Not all seeds will sprout. If after a few months and no results, try again.