Maintaining a beautiful grass lawn each year does require time and effort, but it is not an overwhelming task. In fact, you can enjoy healthy attractive grass by following simple procedures at specific times of year.
Aerate your lawn in the spring and fall to break up compacted soil and thatch. Thatch builds up and becomes a breeding ground for insects and disease, but aerating provides space for air, water, and nutrients to reach deep into the roots. Rent an aerator from a lawn service or hire professionals to do the job for you.
Determine the quality of your soil. Depending on your region, the soil may need additional nutrients to promote strong healthy roots. Ask local nurseries or garden stores if they perform soil analysis or send a soil sample through the mail to agtest.com. Results will indicate extra measures you can take to improve your soil conditions. In many cases, nutrients can be easily added by top dressing your lawn with top soil composed of loam, peat moss, and compost.
In the early fall, introduce drought resistant grasses to your lawn. Overseeding will help repair damage done to your lawn during summer months. Ask nurseries for recommendations.
Mow your grass in different directions once a week, but cut no more than one-third of the shoot length. Ensure that your blades stay sharp and leave the clips on the lawn to provide nitrogen. If your lawn is properly watered and thatched, the lawn clippings will break down easily and provide nutrients to the soil.
Apply a slow release fertilizer to your lawn in late fall to promote spring root growth which will lead to a thicker lush lawn. The fertilizer will also help to outgrow weeds, which you can easily pull by hand or trim with mower. For even application, apply fertilizer with a spreader that distributes as you walk backwards. Fertilize again in the summer.
Monitor the growth of weeds in your lawn. Annual weeds can be pulled by hand or mowed. Use Turf Maize on grass weeds.
Water your lawn about 1 inch per day to maintain moist soil. Do not water on days when it rains, however, as overwatering can lead to mold growth. After rains, check for standing puddles in your yard, and add more top soil to those areas.
Collect water in rain barrels, and use a sprinkler designed for your space. If you have a small yard, use a spray sprinkler. For large lawns, use a rotor head. To prevent overwatering, place a shallow dish in your yard while you run the sprinkler. If it collects more than 1 inch of water, you're overdoing it. The best time to water is during the morning or night when the water can soak into the roots before evaporating from sun. However, avoid watering at night during hot humid seasons, as too much moisture can lead to lawn disease. Adjust your watering schedule depending on your regional climate and the season.