If you feel like playing bocce on a lazy summer afternoon, then you should build yourself a backyard bocce court! The simplest courts to build are the portable courts found at your local sporting goods store. They tend to be smaller than regulation courts, which are 91 feet by 13 feet, and can be erected on any surface into which you can hammer a stake. The most popular model comes from Backyard Bocce. It is 60 feet by 12 feet and comes with all of the flags and vinyl rope you need to define your court's boundaries.
If you are a more serious bocce player, you may want to build a real bocce court. Collegium Cosmicum Ad Buxeas (CCAB), the international association for bocce, provides a manual for court installation and maintenance. A regulation bocce court cannot be constructed on flat ground. You need to remove at least a foot of dirt so that you can construct a foundation. If you do not feel like removing all of the dirt by hand, consider renting a mini excavator from your local rental center.
After you remove all dirt, you should lay down beams that mark the boundaries of the court. The beams should be held in place by rebar and concrete footings, concrete shields that protect the beam from the surrounding soil. After you have marked the perimeter of the court with beams, install additional layers of beams until your stack of beams is at least six-inches taller than the hole that you excavated.
Once your beams are in place, it is time to install the drainage layer. According to the CCAB, you should run perforated pipes along the length of your court, outfit them with spigots, and connect them to an off-court surface water drainage system. Then you should cover the pipes with 9-inches of natural gravel or crushed rock. If you do not want to deal with the hassle of plumbing, simply pouring the layer of gravel or rock should be sufficient.
After your drainage layer has been poured, lay a sheet of weed block. Then pour the surface of your court. The surface layer can be either of 3-inches of gravel or 4-inches of clay. You can even out your gravel or clay with the aid of a rake, a drag mat or a drag brush.
Once your surface is in place, it is time to put the finishing touches on your court. Paint or finish your beams. Then, play a game of bocce!