Following these palm tree care and growing tips are essential for keeping the tree healthy and allowing it to grow to its fullest potential. The palm tree, conventionally abundant in tropical areas, has become an increasingly popular plant for domestic backyards, and many people are unsure about the proper care required. This article is a must-read for essential palm tree care and growing tips!
Planting a palm tree is very similar to planting a normal tree. Palm trees should be planted directly after purchase. If this is not possible, make sure the tree’s roots are kept moist, but not too wet. Palm trees must be transported and handled with care because the bark is easily destroyed. Damaged bark is more susceptible to fungus and insects. The best climate for planting is in the warmer seasons when the temperature is at least 65 degrees Fahrenheit.
A hole twice as wide as the base of the tree must be dug in advance to planting. This hole should be similar in depth to the tree's previous hole. If the tree is planted deeper than it was in its prior environment, the roots are at risk of water and nutrient deprivation. After the tree is securely positioned, refill the hole with freshly dug soil and build a soil barrier around the base of the tree to hold water.
Healthy soil is vital for proper nourishment. The mineral content of the palm’s natural soil is different than the composition of urban soil, so palm tree owners must create natural soil for their palm trees. Healthy soil can be created with the addition of mycorrhizal fungi. Mycorrhizal fungi act absorb and deliver important nutrients and moisture required for the tree's growth. In addition to soil, a six inch layer of mulch should be applied around the roots of the tree. This mulch serves as protection from direct sunlight as well as a means of moisturizing the soil.
Fertilization should occur about four times a year. A slow-release fertilizer should be used for optimal results. "Palm Special”, pellets that tree owners can disperse around the base of a tree, is a common fertilizer used that is available at various locations throughout the United States. Another option is TreeHelp Complete Palm Fertilizer Spikes which enable fast, efficient fertilization. These spikes carefully release nutrients to the roots of the tree and provide the proper nourishment. Along with basic maintenance fertilizers used for healthy trees, one can also obtain specialized fertilizers designed to address specific nutrient deficiencies.
Daily watering for the first two weeks is necessary for new palm trees. After the initial two weeks, periodic watering will suffice as the tree matures. Be careful, dry soil will brutally weaken the tree. Palm trees should be watered once every six weeks during the colder seasons and once every two weeks during the summer. As the leaves of the palm tree age, they will turn brown and eventually fall off. While many believe that pruning the palm tree will expedite this process, pruning is not healthy for the palm tree. Palm trees recycle nutrients from old leaves back into the core of the plant - the leaves will fall off naturally and pruning the palm tree can only hurt the growth of the tree.