A magnolia tree is wonderful tree to plant and grow in your yard. It produces large and fragrant blossoms and can reach a magnificent height to bring shade to your lawn and cool your home in the summer. Magnolia trees can be planted at a young stage. The following is a guide to planting your very own magnolia tree.
The magnolia (magnoliaceae) tree can either be deciduous or evergreen, depending on where it gets planted. Also, depending on the type, it may require full sun or partial shade. Magnolia blossoms vary in color; they may come in red, pink, purple, yellow or white. Fortunately, these blossoms are not susceptible to becoming deer treats.
The sweet bay magnolia is smaller in terms of size, takes up less room and is hardier in comparison to other magnolia types. In southern parts of the U.S., this tree is considered an evergreen. In the upper regions, the tree sheds leaves during the colder seasons.
The Sargent magnolia (M. sargentiana) is a deciduous magnolia tree with large, saucer-shaped flowers that liken tulips. These magnolias are native to China. They are not very hardy in extreme cold or heat, but they produce magnificent blossoms during the spring.
Magnolia seedlings can be planted, but it may take up to 10 years before you see any blossoms. The best way to start growing a magnolia tree is with a young tree that can be purchased from your local nursery.
Pick a good spot in your landscape. Make sure there aren’t any cement sidewalks or driveways nearby so that the tree’s roots don’t crack them. Select a rich, well-drained bundle of soil with high acidity and some mixture of organic compost.
Dig a hole that is at least twice the size of the root ball of your young tree. Take the young magnolia tree and remove all excess material covering its root ball. Make sure that there isn’t rope or anything else unnatural hanging from the tree before planting it into the ground. Add the soil mix then cover the area with mulch. Make sure you keep mulch over the young tree’s newly planted earth. It is important to keep moisture in the young tree’s ground. Adding a trunk guard at the base of your young tree will help protect it from landscape work with lawn mowers and line trimmers. Be sure to water your tree thoroughly, especially right after planting it into the ground, but do not overwater. Make sure the soil has good drainage.
If your tree’s leaves ever turn yellow and produce green veins, this may be a sign of chlorosis. This can be treated by adding iron to the soil. Adding fertilizer might help but do not fertilize frequently. Magnolia trees are highly susceptible to salt damage. If your magnolia tree’s leaves show slightly burnt edges, this may be a sign of salt damage. If you notice this, stop fertilizing immediately and drain the soil with good irrigation.
Pruning is an important part of growing any plant. Magnolias should be pruned if there are any signs of dead leaves, branches or flowers. The best time to prune for deciduous magnolia trees is right after bloom. For evergreens, prune right before spring. A beneficial method of pruning is to remove the branch right down to its base. Prune your tree to correct its overall shape and to keep its branches’ growth under control. As the tree gets taller, you can prune the lower branches.
Transplanting a full-grown magnolia tree is very difficult. The magnolia tree’s root system is very complex and it has difficulty adapting to a new soil environment when it suddenly gets moved. As a rule, try not to move your magnolia tree elsewhere once its roots set in. Doing so will only add extra stress on you and your tree.
Besides chlorosis, magnolia trees also perform poorly if they are too crowded. Try not to plant anything else near your magnolia tree. It requires ample room to grow. If the magnolia blossoms either don’t appear or are few in count, it is a sign of crowding.
Magnolia trees create a dense shade, and their shallow roots make grass growth directly below the tree’s canopy impossible. The tree can potentially reach up to 40 feet in width. Magnolia trees require a lot of room.