In addition to fish, there are a variety of other creatures that take refuge in your pond. Some of these animals, such as frogs, turtles and so on, you may add to the environment yourself. Others, on the other hand, will find their way to your pond on their own. Read below for some information on a few different types of the latter variety of pond creatures.
The mayfly is one of the most widespread pond creatures in the world, with the Pond Olive being the most common species. They colonize quickly, with their eggs hatching as soon as they hit the water. The larvae spend several months in the water before leaving as a full-grown mayfly. The creatures feed on algae in your pond, but they can only survive up to 14 days when on land.
Dragonflies are present in almost all ponds, with the Common Darter and the Broad-bodied Chaser usually the first species to colonize an area. They feed on less friendly pond creatures, so their presence is always a good thing. To attract dragonflies, place sand or clay at the bottom of your pond. They will be less likely to inhabit the pond if a lot of organic material builds up at the bottom. Also add some sphagnum moss to make your pond's water slightly acidic, as dragonflies thrive in this condition.
Any good garden pond contains a multitude of different species of water beetles. Actually, up to half of the creatures in your pond at any time will generally be beetles. Because many beetles can fly, they quickly colonize new ponds. The species that cannot fly are usually the most likely to be endangered since it is more difficult for them to leave unsuitable environments.
Some people label all pond creatures as 'water bugs,' but true water bugs are insects like aphids with piercing mouthparts. Backswimmers and lesser water boatmen are examples of water bug species. Like beetles, most water bugs can fly and are thus among the first creatures to colonize ponds.