Chrysanthemums, often popularly termed "mums", are amongst the most widely used and well-loved flowers worldwide. These lovely lush blossoming plants actually encompass a wide range of varietals with different characteristics. Different types of Chrysanthemums are cultivated for different decorative purposes. Shapes and sizes of Chrysanthemums can vary greatly, from pom-pom to daisy-like, and buttons to anemone. Each type has its own distinctive characteristics but all are hardy and long lasting in cut floral arrangements as well as in pots or grown in free soil. The name "Chrysanthemum" comes from the Greek root word for "golden" and the Greek root word for "flower", translating literally to "golden flower". Here are several very popular types of Chrysanthemum available commercially today.
Decorative Chrysanthemums feature a blossom that appears "flattened", with inward curving short petals. These short plants will produce a flower that is typically five inches wide or greater at maturity.
Pom-pom Chrysanthemums resemble nothing so much as their common name, appearing first as somewhat flattened small blossoms, but quickly turning round and fluffy at maturity. Blossoms will range from one to four inches in diameter.
The anemone Chrysanthemum is named for its slight resemblance to the sea creature by the same name. These Chrysanthemums feature daisy-like petals on the outside and a raised cushiony center. Blossoms average four inches or greater at maturity.
The spider Chrysanthemum has long spiky petals that range from fine to course in texture and may curve or spike at the end. This medium height plant features blossoms that can top six inches in diameter at maturity.
The spoon Chrysanthemum is so-named for its long petals that resemble spoons at their tips. In the center the Spoon Chrysanthemum resembles a daisy flower.
The reflex Chrysanthemum is said to resemble the plumage of a bird, as it curves gracefully downward. Flowers average six inches across.