African violets are a charming small tropical plant that are easy to care for because they can be grown indoors as a houseplant in the United States. With rounded fuzzy leaves and cheerful blooms in a variety of colors and shapes, they have been a perennial favorite for generations. It's important to remember that the African violet is a tropical plant and needs some special care. However, with proper care, they will bloom repeatedly and live for years.
Watering should be done carefully. Your African violet should not be allowed to dry out but can't stand having its roots standing in water. The soil should be moist but not soggy or root and crown rot can occur. Use room temperature water and let it sit overnight if your water is highly chlorinated. When watering, avoid getting water on the leaves of they will get unsightly spots. If the humidity in your house is low, mist the African violet from time to time. Misting will not cause spots on the leaves.
When you water your African violets, take the time to groom them as well. Pinch off spent flowers or damaged leaves as these can cause your plant to develop rot. If you leave them, you run the risk of having your plant develop problems. Getting rid of the spent flowers will keep your African violet blooming as well.
African violets need plenty of light but don't put them in a bright sunny window. They need about 16 hours of light a day, but also require about 8 hours of total darkness for best blooming.
Keep your African violets in temperatures as near to 70 degrees Fahrenheit as you can. Don' t expose them to temperatures below 60 degrees Fahrenheit or above 80 degrees Fahrenheit.
Use fertilizer specially made for African violets and be sure to water well after fertilizing.