Hydrangeas are shrub-like perennials that produce large colorful flowers. There are about 23 different types of hydrangea species and five species are cultivated in the United States. These five species include a large variety of plants that can grow in different regions of the country. Each is unique but all are beautiful and will surely bring beauty to any yard they are planted in.
Considered the most popularly grown hydrangeas in the U.S. mopheads are primarily white, blue and pink. Flowers on this plant grow in the shape of a ball and are sometimes used in bridal bouquets. Its scientific name is the hydrangea macrophyllaand most grow between three and five feet high. Varieties include the ayesha, the endless summer and the lemon zest.
Also known by the scientific name hydrangea macrophylla normalis, lacecap hydrangeas come in several different colors including blue, pink and white. They are characterized by small flowers surrounded by additional flat flowers with four petals. The plant grows anywhere between four and six feet in height. Varieties include the lemon wave, the kardinal and the tokyo delight.
This species is native to the U.S. and produces white flowers. However, certain varieties produce red, yellow, burgundy and orange flowers. The plant prefers plenty of sun and likes dry soils that drain well. Varieties include the snowflake and the harmony.
This plant grows in the shape of a cone and is also known as the hydrangea paniculata. It grows as high as ten feet tall and the plant’s flowers turn pink or red with age. It requires plenty of sunshine and can be pruned into trees. Varieties include the tardiva, the silver dollar and the floribunda.
These hydrangeas are widely found at garden stores. They bloom in the fall and are used by many gardeners as hedge bushes. Like a mophead hydrangea, the annabelle’s flowers grow in a ball shape. However, all varieties of this plant produce white flowers only.