One of the major problems with pond farms is that they are very difficult to keep clean. When left unattended, farm ponds form algae and weeds, release an odor, and become murky. Of particular concern to farm pond owners is Blue Green algae, which forms in stagnated ponds and is toxic to animals and humans. The issues with pond farms are at their worst during the hot summer and cold winter months when oxygen levels are at their lowest. If the pond water is being used to irrigate crops or water cattle, it is absolutely imperative that the pond be aerated. Farm pond aeration adds oxygen to the water to restore its health and make it safe for crops and livestock.
Pond farm aeration is the most effective way to clean pond water and control algae formation. Aerators improve water quality by circulating pond water and adding oxygen to it. With a current of water moving around the pond, nutrient balance is restored. Algae and weeds rely on oxygen to survive, meaning they have to compete for nutrients. Ultimately, this results in a decrease in algae. Gas exchange eliminates many odors, and the presence of mosquitoes and other insects decreases due to a lack of stagnant water on which to breed.
Aeration systems generally consist of a small compressor, which is placed on the land above the pond. The compressor is connected to a system of flexible membrane diffusers, which are configured at the bottom of the pond. These diffusers produce millions of very small bubbles, which create a small current in the pond, providing oxygen all the way to the surface. Aeration systems can work on very large ponds without using much energy, making them more cost and energy-efficient than you might imagine. The diffusers are also generally self-cleaning, meaning maintenance is minimal.