How are children affected by adoption?
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Q:

How are children affected by adoption?

A:

Quick Answer

According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the process of adoption affects children in a multitude of ways, influencing their sense of identity, self-worth, self-esteem and many other social and emotional areas. Adopted children may have trouble forging meaningful, trusting relationships and may also have difficulty articulating and controlling emotions.

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Full Answer

Children are on a constant quest to create their own identities, and adopted children must struggle to reconcile the identities and histories of two different families (or the lack of identity and history from an unknown biological family). Adoption can also bring up major questions of self-worth in children. Those who feel "special" or "chosen" because they were adopted may come to realize as they grow older that another parent or family "not choosing" them is inherent in the process of adoption.

A child's history before being adopted can also have a strong effect on his emotional life after adoption. A child from an orphanage, group home or chaotic home life may not have had adults present to provide healthy emotional interactions. These children can struggle to make friends, to express their emotions productively and to effectively empathize with others. Children separated from caretakers in the past may suffer from attachment issues or alternately may struggle to develop bonds with new primary caregivers.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    How can I find my birth mother in England?

    A:

    Persons adopted after Nov. 12, 1975 can apply for access to their original birth records through the U.K. government adoption site. Persons adopted before that date must first meet with a counselor and an approved adoption advisor, after which they can apply for access to their records.

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  • Q:

    Are there any babies available for adoption?

    A:

    According to Children’s Rights, as of 2012, there were over 4,000 babies available for adoption. At the Adoption Exchange Association, as of 2014, there are seven children available for adoption under the age of 2. Out of these, there are five females and two males.

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  • Q:

    What is the process for adoption?

    A:

    Specific laws about adopting vary from state to state and depend on whether the child is adopted from foster care, a private adoption agency or an international adoption organization. Generally, the adoption process includes a formal application, a background check, a home visit, a personal evaluation, approval from the adoption agency and legal paperwork finalizing the adoption.

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  • Q:

    How can you adopt a toddler?

    A:

    Individuals and couples wanting to become the parent of a toddler through adoption have several options, including adopting through an agency. Working with an agency gives the prospective parents the option of international or domestic adoption. A third option is to adopt through the foster care program.

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