Q:

What is the process for adoption?

A:

Quick Answer

Specific laws about adopting vary from state to state and depend on whether the child is adopted from foster care, a private adoption agency or an international adoption organization. Generally, the adoption process includes a formal application, a background check, a home visit, a personal evaluation, approval from the adoption agency and legal paperwork finalizing the adoption.

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What is the process for adoption?
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Full Answer

Those who are already taking care of a foster child should speak to the child's social worker about the possibility of adoption. In some states, potential parents receive approval for both fostering and adoption at the same time. This can expedite the adoption process, as dual-certified parents have already undergone a background check, a home visit and personal evaluation.

Interested parents who are not foster parents and who wish to use a private adoption agency should expect a lengthy evaluation process. Potential parents must complete an application and demonstrate the emotional, physical and financial ability to care for a child. After the parents are approved by the agency, their profiles are entered into a database at the adoption agency. Birth parents select adoptive parents from this database. At Spence-Chapin, most couples are selected 6 months to 2 years after agency approval.

Those who wish to adopt from other countries must first receive approval from U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. Potential adoptive parents are then subject to the laws where the adoptee was born. For example, in China, only heterosexual married couples between 30 and 50 years old are eligible to adopt non-handicapped children.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    How do you undergo a process of adoption in Missouri?

    A:

    Start the Missouri adoption process by filling out the adoption application, completing the Adoption Home Assessment Application and meeting with a social worker. The entire process from filling out the forms to actual adoption varies from state to state, and it can take upward of several months. You need the adoption application, an envelope and postage.

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  • Q:

    How can a person obtain adoption records?

    A:

    Adoption records are confidential, and each individual state has control over access to the records. States close adoption records to the general public, and those requesting access must get court approval or have mutual consent from all involved in the adoption process.

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  • Q:

    How do you find adoption records in Massachusetts?

    A:

    Adoption records in Massachusetts are only available to adult adoptees or guardians of adopted children with a certified court order. However, if the child was adopted through a placement agency, certain pieces of information are available to the adoptee, adopted parents and birth parents.

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  • Q:

    Are there any babies available for adoption?

    A:

    According to Children’s Rights, as of 2012, there were over 4,000 babies available for adoption. At the Adoption Exchange Association, as of 2014, there are seven children available for adoption under the age of 2. Out of these, there are five females and two males.

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