As opposed to "learning through play," Tina Bruce believes that children use play to practice what they have already learned. Play gives them a chance to understand their relationships, thoughts and feelings, and to use newly acquired physical skills.Know More
Bruce believes that play is an active process rather than something that reaches a goal or produces a product, and that providing toys is not necessary because children can come up with their own props using simple materials such as sticks and pebbles. According to Bruce, adults should support and facilitate play but not be in charge of it; children should be allowed to be in charge of a free-flowing form of play, making up rather than following rules, and coordinating the various play-agendas of all involved.
According to Bruce, imaginative play lifts children's cognitive abilities to a higher, more abstract level of thinking, allowing them to imagine how others feel and to try out various aspects of their own personalities, such as being good, bad or selfish. Being immersed in play helps children use past experiences to problem solve and experiment. In addition, the deep concentration that children experience when given the opportunity to be fully immersed in play can be a predictor of later academic success.Learn more about Child Care
The National Day Care Standards are part of a British policy initiative that provides minimum standards for services that offer childcare and education for children up to the age of 8. All day cares, nurseries, pre-schools and other institutions that provide childcare outside of the home must comply with the standards, whether they operate on a paid or volunteer basis.Full Answer >
A nanny is employed by a family to take care of all responsibilities related to the children in the home. Nannies are expected to provide meals for the children; clean the children's play areas, bedrooms and bathrooms; plan educational and recreational activities; supervise play sessions with visiting children; take the children to appointments; and provide an overall safe and enjoyable environment for the children in their care.Full Answer >
Parents help children develop reading skills by talking to them, reading regularly with children and pointing out print in the environment. The basis for learning begins in the first three years of life, so early reading experiences are essential in developing literacy.Full Answer >
An au pair is a young person who travels abroad to stay with a host family and carry out duties such as looking after children and doing housework. The phrase is of French origin and means "by mutual agreement."Full Answer >