Coconuts sold in stores have a hard, brown exterior that remains once the outer husk has been hacked off. Removing the brown shell and reaching the white meat of a coconut requires some practice and skill with a heavy knife. Alternatively, you can peel the coconut by baking it for a short time until the shell is cracked.
A gallon of apple cider is made from approximately one-third of a bushel, or 36 apples. Composed of these fruits and nothing else, apple cider has no cholesterol and is a good source of potassium and iron.
Bottled water comes in sizes as small as 8 ounces per bottle and as large as 2.5 gallons per fridge pack. Purified water may also be bought in 5-gallon jugs for use with commercial coolers in offices and warehouses.
The difference between coffee and latte is that coffee is ground coffee beans run through a filter with water, and a latte is made with unfiltered coffee and warm or steamed milk. Unfiltered, concentrated coffee is commonly known as espresso.
Depending on the source, milk should be fine to drink up to a week after the expiration date, according to WebMD. However, there are factors that can determine whether or not milk will spoil before this time. A milk carton that is left out at room temperature will spoil faster, and even a refrigerator that is not cool enough can allow the bacteria that causes milk to spoil to do its work faster.
The average temperature of drinking water varies by geographical location; in Milwaukee, the average temperature of cold tap water is 49.6 degrees Fahrenheit. The average temperature of drinking water can change depending on the time of year, the location where the water temperature is being measured and different environmental factors, including the presence of manufacturing plants and natural bodies of water.
Membrane fractionation is the process by which lactose is removed from milk; the lactose is isolated within the milk and is then mechanically separated from the other properties of the milk. This process allows people who are not able to tolerate lactose to enjoy milk and the benefits that it provides.
Chicken is fully cooked and safe to eat when it reaches an internal temperature of 165 degrees Fahrenheit, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The rule applies to whole birds as well as individual parts.
Infrared cooking is healthy. According to HowStuffWorks, infrared heat has been a naturally occurring type of heat since the beginning of time. Infrared rays fall between microwaves and visible light on the electromagnetic spectrum and humans typically interpret them as heat rather than light.
Baked chicken wings take from 30 to 45 minutes to cook. While the wings are typically cooked through at 30 minutes, when baked for a longer period, they develop a crunchy, crisp exterior. Chicken wings may be baked at a variety of temperatures ranging from 350 to 425 degrees Fahrenheit.
Reheat leftover pizza in the oven by placing a baking sheet into a cold oven and then setting the oven temperature to 400 Fahrenheit. Once the oven is preheated, place the pizza slices on the heated baking sheet, and bake them for approximately 10 minutes.
Leftovers should only be reheated once to adhere to food safety standards. Reheating food multiple times increases the chance of harmful bacterial build up, which can cause food borne illness. This is because reheating and cooling leftovers repeatedly increases the time that the food spends incubating bacteria at room temperature.
To cook pasta al dente, boil water and then put in your pasta. Take the pasta out of the water when it has the texture of a fresh stick of gum.
Molasses does not have an official expiration date and there is some question as to whether it ever goes bad. It is sold instead with a "best before" date, indicating the date at which it may start to lose flavor.
Baking soda neutralizes the acid in recipes and aids in the leavening process. Once baking soda is mixed with other ingredients and placed into the oven, a chemical reaction creates bubbles of carbon dioxide that expand.
The difference between spearmint and peppermint is that peppermint has a bold and strong flavor that can be overpowering in recipes; spearmint has a sweeter and more mild flavor than peppermint. The difference also lies in the way that the leaves are grown; spearmint leaves tend to be bigger and lighter in color than peppermint leaves.
There are a number of side dishes for pizza, including garlic bread, ranch sticks, hot wings, chicken fries, ranch potato wedges, salad, chips and roasted vegetables. Roasted vegetables, such as asparagus and broccoli, make suitable sides for a vegetarian household or vegetarian friend.
Olive oil can be substituted for vegetable oil in baking, cooking and frying. Olive oil has a stronger flavor than vegetable oil, which can change the taste of the food.
Good substitutes for cornmeal are polenta, corn grits or maize meal. For example, if a recipe requires a cup of stone ground cornmeal, then a cup of one of the suitable substitutes can be used.
A 1-pound package of brown sugar contains 2.5 cups. A 2-pound bag contains 4 cups, and a 4-pound bag contains 8 cups. Most sugar manufactures base cup measurements on firmly packed brown sugar.
Although blueberries are different sizes, the average weight of a blueberry is just above half a gram. Small to larger cups average around 190 and 250 blueberries respectively, and one cup of blueberries on average weighs about 140 grams.
An average serving of meat is 3 ounces per person, so cooks should prepare portions of meat in this size. Lean meat, fish and fatty cuts all fall under this generalization. Ground meats vary in size, but the weight is consistent with other kinds of meat portions.
One pound of uncooked long grain rice contains more than 29,000 grains. In the U.S., rice is sold in bags of 2, 5, 10 and 50 pounds.
To end up with 1 cup of cooked long grain rice, 1/3 to 1/4 cup of dry rice is needed. To that, 2/3 to 1/2 cup of liquid is added.
A sugar packet contains approximately 4 grams of sugar and 16 calories. A packet of sugar is equal to both a standard sugar cube and a teaspoon of sugar.