Carbohydrates consist of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. Carbohydrates supply the body with a source of energy and are the building blocks of cellulose and glycogen. They also combine with other molecules to form DNA, RNA, glycolipids, glycoproteins and ATP.Know More
Glucose, fructose, galactose and ribose are all simple carbohydrates. Muscles require glucose to grow, and organs need it to function. It is also the body's most important fuel. Fructose is found in fruits and vegetables. Galactose is found in milk, while ribose, which is part of ribonucleic acid, is found in every cell of the human body. During respiration, carbohydrates are metabolised and release energy. Carbohydrates that are not converted to energy are stored as fat.
Complex carbohydrates include starch, glycogen and cellulose. Starch is found in rice, wheat, corn, carrots and potatoes. Glycogen is found in animal muscles and livers. Both starch and glycogen are forms of stored energy. Cellulose acts as the skeleton of plants and gives them their shape. It is also a source of dietary fiber.
Simple carbohydrates yield 3.87 calories of energy per gram and are commonly associated with processed foods, including baked goods, candy and soft drinks. Complex carbohydrates yield between 3.57 and 4.12 calories of energy per gram and are commonly associated with natural, unprocessed foods.Learn more about Food Facts
Examples of "go" foods are carbohydrates such as grains, "grow" foods are protein foods such as eggs and "glow" foods are vitamin- and nutrient-rich foods such as fruits and vegetables. The Go, Grow and Glow program is designed to educate preschool children about the importance of a healthy lifestyle.Full Answer >
Vinegar can be made from any fruit, but the most common ingredient is grapes. The fruit is fermented with the addition of a microorganism like yeast, which turns the sugars in the fruit into alcohol. To make vinegar, a second group of bacteria known as Acetobacter turn the alcohol into acetic acid, which is another name for vinegar.Full Answer >
Coarse grain mustard is made by grinding the mustard seeds to form a paste, but not breaking them down completely. Coarse grain mustard is commonly referred to as whole grain mustard.Full Answer >
Mustard is made from mustard plant seeds. The seeds are ground up or cracked and mixed with liquids, such as water, wine, lemon juice or vinegar, and sometimes flavored with other spices.Full Answer >