Carbohydrates consist of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. Carbohydrates supply the body with a source of energy and are the building blocks of cellulose and glycogen. They also combine with other molecules to form DNA, RNA, glycolipids, glycoproteins and ATP.Know More
Glucose, fructose, galactose and ribose are all simple carbohydrates. Muscles require glucose to grow, and organs need it to function. It is also the body's most important fuel. Fructose is found in fruits and vegetables. Galactose is found in milk, while ribose, which is part of ribonucleic acid, is found in every cell of the human body. During respiration, carbohydrates are metabolised and release energy. Carbohydrates that are not converted to energy are stored as fat.
Complex carbohydrates include starch, glycogen and cellulose. Starch is found in rice, wheat, corn, carrots and potatoes. Glycogen is found in animal muscles and livers. Both starch and glycogen are forms of stored energy. Cellulose acts as the skeleton of plants and gives them their shape. It is also a source of dietary fiber.
Simple carbohydrates yield 3.87 calories of energy per gram and are commonly associated with processed foods, including baked goods, candy and soft drinks. Complex carbohydrates yield between 3.57 and 4.12 calories of energy per gram and are commonly associated with natural, unprocessed foods.Learn more in Food Facts
Typically, in order to be classified as meat, food must be made of animal flesh and as eggs are an animal by-product, they are not considered meat. Like meat, however, eggs are high in fat and protein. It should be noted, as well, that in certain parts of the world eggs are considered meat by some people simply because they come from an animal.Full Answer >
According to The Big Feed, crispy seaweed is made from cabbage or spring greens. Abel & Cole point out that kale is sometimes used as well. In any case, seaweed is not an ingredient of the dish.Full Answer >
Canola oil is made from the crushed seeds of the canola plant, which belongs to the Brassica family of plants. The crushed canola seeds contain oil, which is extracted, refined, bottled and sold as canola oil.Full Answer >
Coarse grain mustard is made by grinding the mustard seeds to form a paste, but not breaking them down completely. Coarse grain mustard is commonly referred to as whole grain mustard.Full Answer >