The main difference between shortening and lard is in the way that they are created, as lard comes from animal fat while shortening comes from a variety of oils that are plant-based. Lard is generally seen in the manufacturing of products while shortening is generally seen in the creation of food substances.Know More
Lard most often comes from the fat of a pig, but can come from duck fat or goose fat. Shortening, however, is often made out of the same plants that make popular cooking oils, such as soybean and cottonseed oils, although it has a much higher fat content. Since shortening comes from plant products and is easier to obtain, it is more popular in cooking applications.
Though still used in cooking to a certain degree, the most common use for lard is in the creation of soap, or as an ingredient used to create biofuel for vehicles. Shortening is much more important in cooking because it is able to prevent the growth of gluten in wheat products which lard is not able to do. Additionally, as lard is an animal by-product it would be eliminated from vegetarian diets as well.Learn more about Cooking
Vegetable shortening and vegetable oil are not the same. Vegetable oil is derived from plant sources such as seeds. Manufacturers create shortening from vegetable oil through a process called hydrogenation, which creates a solid fat. Thus, vegetable shortening may contain more saturated fat and trans fatty acids than vegetable oil.Full Answer >
The best substitute for shortening when baking biscuits is butter or margarine. If a recipe calls for 1 cup of shortening, then 1 cup plus 2 tablespoons of butter should be used.Full Answer >
The difference between animal fat and vegetable oil is that vegetable oil is composed mostly of polyunsaturated fats, which are missing more than one pair of hydrogens in its structure, while animal fat is composed mostly of monounsaturated fats, which are missing only a single pair of hydrogen, and saturated fats, as claimed by Dr. Mercola. Saturated and monounsaturated fats are more easily accessible and usable by the body in comparison to polyunsaturated fats. Saturated fats have all of their hydrogen atoms in place, which causes them to form a straight chain and is the reason behind why animal fats are generally solids at room temperature; however, unsaturated fats, whether it be polyunsaturated or monounsaturated fats, have kinks and bends in their molecular structure, which is why they tend to be liquid at room temperature, like vegetable oil.Full Answer >
The main difference between 10W-30 and 10W-40 motor oil is that 10W-40 has a higher viscosity, which means that it will remain thicker at higher temperatures than 10W-30. Viscosity means a liquid's resistance to flow, and normally a higher viscosity is a good thing for oil, as it acts as a better lubricant and creates a stronger seal.Full Answer >