Q:

What are the different types of beans?

A:

There are many types of beans, including red beans, black beans and kidney beans. Navy beans and pinto beans are commonly consumed in the United States.

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While there are many varieties of beans throughout the world, only a fraction are edible and mass-produced. Common edible beans include:

  • Garbanzo beans, also known as chickpeas
  • Great northern beans
  • Adzuki beans
  • Lima beans
  • Orca beans

While all of these beans are edible when cooked, certain varieties, such as kidney beans, are highly toxic when consumed raw. The beans must be cooked for a certain length of time to remove the toxins. Some cultures around the world ferment the beans to remove these toxins and improve the nutritional value. According to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, eating raw or under cooked kidney beans can cause severe stomach pain and other medical symptoms within hours of consumption.

Beans hold plenty of nutritional value as they are high in fiber and contain healthy amounts of protein. They also contain iron and folate. Beans are believed to have many health benefits including a lowered risk of heart disease, a reduced risk for certain cancers and promoting weight loss. Beans also help promote muscle building and feelings of fullness.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Why should someone eat beans?

    A:

    Beans are a protein-packed, nutrient-dense plant food, according to WebMD. Full of soluble fiber that helps lower cholesterol, beans promote feelings of fullness and satiety, so one eats less and feels full longer. Because most Americans consume only about half of the daily fiber intake needed for optimal health, and many struggle with obesity, cholesterol and diabetes, eating beans can provide essential health benefits.

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  • Q:

    Where do beans come from?

    A:

    Beans are edible seeds that come from a variety of leguminous plants belonging to the genus Phaseolus. The highly nutritious seeds, which are produced in pods, are widely cultivated all over the world and sold dried, canned or frozen.

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  • Q:

    Do beans have protein?

    A:

    Beans, the large edible seeds of the plant family Fabaceae, contain a high amount of protein. Soybeans have the highest protein content of any bean. One cup of cooked soybeans, equal to one serving, contains 28.5 grams of protein, almost half of the recommended amount in a 2,000 calorie diet.

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  • Q:

    Where do garbanzo beans come from?

    A:

    Garbanzo beans, also known as chickpeas, were first discovered in the Middle East approximately in the year 3500 BCE. In modern times, garbanzo beans are grown in the Middle East, as well as in India, Australia, the United States and Ethiopia.

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