Food production is the process of transforming raw ingredients into prepared food products. Food production includes industries that take raw food products and convert them into marketable food items. Home food production includes converting produce into forms for long-term storage.Know More
The food production industry takes fruits, vegetables and grains in their harvested forms as well as meat directly after the butchering process and processes these into the types of food products that are available for sale in supermarkets. Food production ranges from minimal processing, such as cleaning and packaging, to complicated processes involving lots of additives and ingredients. Food production processes create products with longer shelf lives than raw food ingredients.
Some food production techniques go back to prehistoric times. These include smoking and salting meats for long-term storage and fermenting or pickling vegetables. In the 19th century, canning became a popular method of food production. Home cooks sometimes use traditional food production techniques, such as fermenting, pickling and canning, to produce food for their families.
Although food production techniques produce germ-free food products with long shelf lives, they also have drawbacks. During high heat and refining processes, raw foods lose nutrients. Food production industries also add artificial colors and flavors to make foods more appealing. Although government regulatory bodies test all additives, many health advocacy groups question the safety of their use in large quantities.Learn more in Food Facts
Rice is grown in fields and seeds are sown either by air or by hand, and then the fields are flooded with water during the growing process and then drained when the rice is ready to harvest. Irrigation of rice fields is maintained through hand watering or by dike-controlled canals.Full Answer >
Several foods don't spoil, including white rice and honey. Although honey may crystallize, it returns to fluidity with heating. Hardtack, a plain water-and-flour cracker widely used during the Civil War, lasts indefinitely. Hard liquors, even when open, remain drinkable.Full Answer >
Genetically modified foods are any types of foods whose genes have been modified by scientists. Most often, crops such as corn, wheat and beans are genetically modified to resist pests and disease.Full Answer >
Junk food is bad because it typically has a high caloric content that consists of fat and sugar packed into small portions, according to WebMD. Additionally, junk food is formulated to taste very appealing to the senses, making it difficult to stop eating or addictive. Popular junk foods include potato chips, candy bars, cookies, soda, snack cakes and most fast food.Full Answer >