Q:

What are some facts about the 2010 Haiti earthquake?

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Quick Answer

The 2010 earthquake that devastated Haiti took place on January 12th, at 4:52 p.m. The earthquake had a 7.0 magnitude on the Richter scale, which is defined as a major earthquake that causes damage to most buildings and is felt across great distances from the epicenter. The epicenter of the earthquake was 10 miles west of Port-au-Prince, the capital of Haiti and the most populated area of the country.

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Full Answer

The earthquake had a death toll of 220,000 people, with over 300,000 more injured. Following the earthquake, there were 33 aftershocks with magnitudes ranging between 4.2 to 5.9 on the Richter scale. Haiti has very poor building standards. The estimated number of homes destroyed is over 100,000, and twice as many were damaged. At least 1 1/2 million people became homeless. Four thousand schools were damaged or destroyed. Sixty percent of the government buildings in Port-au-Prince were destroyed or damaged. The amount of rubble found after the earthquake measured over 19 million cubic meters.

Haiti had a poor economy even before the earthquake. The majority of the country was surviving on the equivalent of less than $2 U.S. per day. Living conditions consisted of tight quarters, poorly constructed buildings and little access to tap water.

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  • Q:

    What are the physical features of Haiti?

    A:

    Haiti is a mountainous, tropical island with long coastlines and very rugged terrain. Haiti encompasses the western third of Hispaniola Island in the Caribbean Sea and is primarily made up of two peninsulas separated by the Gulf of Gonave.

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    Why did the Haiti earthquake happen?

    A:

    The earthquake in Haiti was the result of sliding plates between North America and the Caribbean. The plates are slabs that cover the Earth and resemble a giant jigsaw puzzle. The plates are constantly creeping past each other.

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    Where is Haiti?

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    Haiti is located in the Caribbean Sea between the Dominican Republic and Cuba. It is located on the western part of the island of Hispaniola, which it shares with the Dominican Republic.

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  • Q:

    What is the capital of Haiti?

    A:

    Port-au-Prince is the capital of Haiti. With its estimated 2012 population of 942,194, it is also Haiti's largest city. Port-au-Prince has been the capital of Haiti since the country's independence in 1804.

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