Selected for its centrality as a business and shipping center, Albany became New York state's capital in 1797. At the confluence of the Hudson and Mohawk rivers, Albany was at the end of the Hudson River Valley and critical to the fur trade in New York.Know More
Albany was founded as a trading post named Fort Orange in 1624 and chartered as the city of Albany in 1686.The first national census in 1790 listed Albany as the 19th largest city in the United States with a population of 3,498, while New York City was listed as the largest city in the state and the nation.
The city was the convening point for the Albany Plan of Union. There it was resolved to place the British North American colonies under a centralized government. The plan was adopted in 1754 by representatives from seven of the colonies. While never executed, it was the first significant attempt to conceive of the colonies as a collective united under one government. During the Revolutionary War, Albany served as a supply and military planning center for the colonial military. Nearby Saratoga was the site of a pivotal battle in the war.
After the ratification of the Constitution in 1787, Albany was one of three cities that served as provisional state capital, along with Kingston and New York, until 1797 when the New York legislature established Albany as the permanent capital.Learn more about The Northeast
The states that border New York state are Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Vermont, Massachusetts and Connecticut. Two lakes, Canada and the Atlantic Ocean also border New York.Full Answer >
The state motto of New York is "Excelsior," meaning "Ever Upward." The motto is inscribed on the Great Seal, state flag and Device of Arms, otherwise known as the coat of arms, of New York.Full Answer >
Some of the major products produced in New York are milk, apples, maple syrup, meat, cherries, strawberries, grapes, wine, sweet corn and cabbage. New York also produces several field crops such as grain corn and soybeans to support its dairy farms. Approximately 23 percent of the state's land is used as farmland.Full Answer >
The state of New York's two largest landforms are the Adirondack and Catskill Mountains, which together cover one-third of the entire state. The Adirondack Mountains constitute the larger landform of the two, and they reach 5,344 feet at their peak. New York also has many lakes, including Lake Champlain, Lake George and Oneida Lake.Full Answer >