The most abundant mammals in Chile are rodents. Among the more unique animals are the condor and the guanaco, an ancient predecessor of the camel.Know More
Chile is a long slim country that spans different latitudes and altitudes. The landscape ranges from the coast to the tall Andes, and the northern region is a desert. The middle of the country is more humid and temperate, whereas the southern region is a rainforest.
Among the rodents there are chinchilla, degu, and mountain viscacha. These rodents are popular for their very fine furs. Other animals include the nutria, which is a water rodent that lives in the streams. While the guanaco is wild, several variants of this species have been domesticated, including llamas, alpacas and vicuña. Llamas are used as beasts of burden, whereas alpacas and vicuña provide fleece for weaving and knitting. The monito del monte is a marsupial that lives in the deciduous forests and rainforests.
The puma is the largest feline predator. There are also wolves and a long-tailed fox. Exotic birds live in some parts of Chile, including parrots and flamingos, and the condor, a scavenger, lives in the Chilean Andes. There are also many amphibians, although there are no poisonous reptiles or snakes. The huemul, a deer, is rarely seen in the wild and lives in the Southern Andes. It appears on the national coat of arms.Learn more about South America
Lapageria rosea, commonly known as the Chilean bellflower or copihue, was declared the national flower of Chile in 1977. Lapageria is the genus of flowering plants of which L. rosea is the only species.Full Answer >
Major cities in Chile include Santiago, Valparaiso, Antofagasta, Puente Alto, Vina del Mar, Temuco, San Bernardo, Rancagua, Arica and Concepcion. While Santiago is designated as the capital city of Chile, the seat of the government's legislative branch is located in Valparaiso.Full Answer >
The 1960 earthquake in Chile caused approximately 1,655 deaths. Tsunamis resulting from the earthquake caused 61 deaths in Hawaii, 138 deaths in Japan and a report of 32 dead or missing in the Philippines.Full Answer >
Although Chile is classified as a developing nation, it has a strong economy that is classified as a high-income economy with strong currency and one of the overall strongest economies in South America. However, Chile does have a major problem with income inequality and unemployment, with the wealthy in the country being rather well-off, while major poverty remains an issue despite the success of upper classes. Chile has a wide range of natural resources that serve as major assets in the nation's economy, including mineral resources such as copper.Full Answer >