Animals that live in the polar regions include penguins, seals, bears, sea lions and walruses. There are two polar regions near the North and South poles, located at the northernmost and southernmost parts of the Earth. While the two regions are similar in temperature, animal life and survival differs between the poles.Know More
Antarctica, near the South Pole, has no living land mammals. It is simply too cold near the South Pole to have much animal life. Penguins and fish mainly live in the Antarctic region. Seals are also found in this polar region, but will navigate away from the South Pole.
The North Pole, or Arctic region, still has frozen tundras, but is able to host more animal life. The Arctic region contains parts of Canada, the United States, Ireland, Greenland, Norway, Sweden, Russia and Finland. Animals indigenous to this area include polar bears, snowy owls, arctic foxes, beluga whales, reindeer and elk.
Animals in both polar regions have body designs that help them keep warm. For example, polar animals may have a thick layer of feathers, fur or fat. Penguins have a thick layer of blubber that help keeps them warm in the most extreme of temperatures.Learn More
The climate in Antarctica is extremely cold with very little precipitation. The coldest ever temperature to be recorded on Earth was -128.56 degrees Fahrenheit in Antarctica at Vostok Station.Full Answer >
Although Antarctica has no permanent residents, the population of scientists and support staff working in its research installations was estimated at 4,000 for the summer season and 1,000 for the winter season in 2005. Twenty-six countries helm Antarctic research stations.Full Answer >
Tundra is the primary biome of Antarctica. The tundra biome is characterized by extreme cold and a lack of vegetation, which is mostly reduced to dwarf shrubs, grasses, mosses and lichens. Tundra is also distinguished by low biodiversity, as almost no amphibians or reptiles can survive its temperatures.Full Answer >
Antarctica does not have a capital, for it is not an independent country. Many countries have territorial claims on the continent, but few of them even have cities.Full Answer >