Penguins are among the few animals that live in the South Pole. The South Pole is situated in the continent of Antarctica, where temperatures are too frigid most months of the year to be able to sustain much animal life. Due to this, there are no land-based vertebrate animals on the continent. In addition to penguins, approximately 200 species of fish are found in Antarctica's waters.Know More
When winter arrives in Antarctica, most animals will leave land because of the frigid temperatures. Even penguins spend the majority of their time in Antarctica's water. The South Pole is inland, and very little animal life is found there during any months of the year because of its inability to sustain it.
Part of the reason that penguins can survive the frigid temperature is their waterproof plumage and a layer of blubber that insulates their bodies. The four species of penguins that breed on the continent of Antarctica are the Adelie, Emperor, Chinstrap and Gentoo penguins. Some of the fish that are found in Antarctica include the Naked-Head Toothfish, the Rakery Beaconlamp, the Warming's Lantern Fish and the Antarctic Dragonfish. Most of the fish found in Antarctica are notothenioids. The composition of the blood of these fish prevents them from freezing in colder temperatures.Learn More
Many animals live at the North Pole, commonly referred to as the Arctic region, including arctic foxes, arctic hares, Alaskan malamutes, polar bears, seals and beluga whales. Some animals live closer to the bottom of the Arctic region, like malamutes, while others live close to the physical North Pole like polar bears, seals and whales.Full Answer >
Polar bears do not live at or near the South Pole. In fact, polar bears actually live near the Arctic Circle, or North Pole, where they hunt seals through the openings in the frozen water.Full Answer >
Australia is closer than Africa to the South Pole. Melbourne, Australia's southern-most city, is approximately 3,613 miles from the pole. Cape Town, South Africa's southern-most city, is 3,882 miles away, 269 miles further north than Melbourne.Full Answer >
The geographic South Pole is located on the continent of Antarctica, and it is the southernmost point on Earth’s surface. Antarctica is the coldest, driest continent on Earth with less than 5 inches of rain per year. Most of it is covered by ice.Full Answer >