Penguins are among the few animals that live in the South Pole. The South Pole is situated in the continent of Antarctica, where temperatures are too frigid most months of the year to be able to sustain much animal life. Due to this, there are no land-based vertebrate animals on the continent. In addition to penguins, approximately 200 species of fish are found in Antarctica's waters.Know More
When winter arrives in Antarctica, most animals will leave land because of the frigid temperatures. Even penguins spend the majority of their time in Antarctica's water. The South Pole is inland, and very little animal life is found there during any months of the year because of its inability to sustain it.
Part of the reason that penguins can survive the frigid temperature is their waterproof plumage and a layer of blubber that insulates their bodies. The four species of penguins that breed on the continent of Antarctica are the Adelie, Emperor, Chinstrap and Gentoo penguins. Some of the fish that are found in Antarctica include the Naked-Head Toothfish, the Rakery Beaconlamp, the Warming's Lantern Fish and the Antarctic Dragonfish. Most of the fish found in Antarctica are notothenioids. The composition of the blood of these fish prevents them from freezing in colder temperatures.Learn More
The first explorer to gather evidence of Antarctica's existence was Captain James Cook between 1772 and 1775. It was not until subsequent expeditions (1819-1820) by William Smith and James Bransfield that the shore was sighted. It was another year before the American Captain John Davis actually landed on the continent.Full Answer >
The Southern Ocean surrounds Antarctica. The International Hydrographic Organization created the Southern Ocean in 2000. This ocean comprises the southern parts of the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans, and it reaches from the coast of Antarctica to 60 degrees south latitude. The Southern Ocean is the fourth-largest ocean worldwide.Full Answer >
The tundra's primary consumers are herbivores such as musk oxen, lemmings, caribou and arctic hares that consume grass, moss and lichen. These animals provide food for the secondary consumers, which are predators like arctic foxes and polar bears.Full Answer >
The Arctic Circle passes through three continents: Asia, Europe and North America. This includes eight countries: Russia, Canada, Norway, Sweden, Finland, the United States (Alaska), Denmark (Greenland) and Iceland.Full Answer >