The Middle Eastern island nation of Bahrain is located on an archipelago in the Persian Gulf east of Saudi Arabia and south of Iran. The largest island in the archipelago is Bahrain Island, which is 11 miles wide by 34 miles long. The total land mass of the nation of Bahrain is more than three times the size of Washington, D.C.Know More
To the southeast of Bahrain, and separated from it by the Gulf of Bahrain, lies the peninsula of Qatar. Bahrain is connected to Saudi Arabia by the King Fahd Causeway, which was completed in December of 1986. The 15-mile causeway, which was financed by Saudi Arabia, transported more than 7.5 million passengers between the two nations in 2008. The four main islands of Bahrain, along with the nation's villages and towns, are all connected by well-constructed roads.
Bahrain's capital and largest city is Manama, and the country's official language is Arabic. A former British protectorate, Bahrain declared independence in 1971. The country was declared a kingdom in 2002. Its government is a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy.
Because the economy of Bahrain does not rely upon oil, it is considered the first post-oil economy in the Persian Gulf region. The country has invested heavily in the tourism and banking sectors. Many large banking structures are located in the capital city, Manama. Bahrain was recognized as a high-income economy by the World Bank and received a high rating, 48th worldwide, in the Human Development Index.Learn more about Geography
The body of water located between Saudi Arabia and Iran is called the Persian Gulf. The gulf is an offshoot of the Indian Ocean and Sea of Oman, whose waters pass through the Straight of Hormuz before entering the gulf.Full Answer >
As of March 2015, the Costa Serena cruise ship departs from Dubai and travels the Persian Gulf. Traveling the coast of the United Arab Emirates, the Costa Serena has ports of call in Muscat and Abu Dhabi. In April 2015, the Costa Serena plans to be repositioned in Shanghai, China.Full Answer >
The world seed bank is the Svalbard Global Seed Vault, located between Norway and the North Pole on an archipelago. The seed bank's purpose is to gather a permanent collection of seeds from all the world's crops in order to maintain future crop diversity.Full Answer >
The Kurds are a group of ethnically Iranian people who live in the mountainous border region between Iran, Iraq, Syria, Turkey and Armenia. They comprise the fourth-largest ethnic group in the Middle East but have never had a nation of their own.Full Answer >