The Middle Eastern island nation of Bahrain is located on an archipelago in the Persian Gulf east of Saudi Arabia and south of Iran. The largest island in the archipelago is Bahrain Island, which is 11 miles wide by 34 miles long. The total land mass of the nation of Bahrain is more than three times the size of Washington, D.C.Know More
To the southeast of Bahrain, and separated from it by the Gulf of Bahrain, lies the peninsula of Qatar. Bahrain is connected to Saudi Arabia by the King Fahd Causeway, which was completed in December of 1986. The 15-mile causeway, which was financed by Saudi Arabia, transported more than 7.5 million passengers between the two nations in 2008. The four main islands of Bahrain, along with the nation's villages and towns, are all connected by well-constructed roads.
Bahrain's capital and largest city is Manama, and the country's official language is Arabic. A former British protectorate, Bahrain declared independence in 1971. The country was declared a kingdom in 2002. Its government is a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy.
Because the economy of Bahrain does not rely upon oil, it is considered the first post-oil economy in the Persian Gulf region. The country has invested heavily in the tourism and banking sectors. Many large banking structures are located in the capital city, Manama. Bahrain was recognized as a high-income economy by the World Bank and received a high rating, 48th worldwide, in the Human Development Index.Learn more in Geography
As of 2014, the country formerly known as Persia is the Islamic Republic of Iran. Iran is sometimes referred to as Persia, though it is not its official name.Full Answer >
The ancient Persian Empire originated in the region currently known as Iran. At its peak, the Persian Empire encompassed most of the Middle East, Asia Minor and parts of Central Asia and India.Full Answer >
The Kurds are a group of ethnically Iranian people who live in the mountainous border region between Iran, Iraq, Syria, Turkey and Armenia. They comprise the fourth-largest ethnic group in the Middle East but have never had a nation of their own.Full Answer >
The Middle East is composed of several countries including Israel, Cyprus, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Jordan, Oman, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Syria and Yemen. Collectively, these countries have a wealth of natural resources. Apart from having half of the world’s oil reserves, countries such as Israel, Oman, Qatar, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, Yemen and Iran have natural gas reserves.Full Answer >