As desert nomads, the Bedouin people primarily live in the deserts of Arabia and Syria, on Egypt's Sinai Peninsula and in North Africa's Sahara Desert. This nomadic people traditionally inhabit the parched steppe regions just outside rain-fed civilizations.
The Arabic term "Bedu" translates to one who lives in the desert, and the English term "Bedouin" comes from this term. The Bedouin people number around 4 million, with communities in many other countries including Israel, Jordan, Iraq and Yemen, as well as the Sudan, Morocco, Algeria, Libya and Tunisia. The Arab culture considers the Bedouin people to be "ideal" Arabs due to the purity of their society and lifestyle.