The area that was Biafra is once again part of Nigeria. Biafra declared independence from Nigeria on May 30, 1967, and the last Biafran officers surrendered to the Nigerian federal government on Jan. 15, 1970.Know More
When Nigeria gained its independence from the United Kingdom in 1960, it contained a number of ethnicities and followers of Christianity and animism as well as Islam. This diversity coupled with the wealth disparity between the Muslim north and the oil-rich Christian south led to tensions between the Igbo and Hausa peoples. Between 10,000-20,000 Igbos were massacred in the north, causing around a million more to flee to the Igbo-dominant east. Non-Igbos were then forced out of the east, and the head of Nigeria's aptly named Eastern Region, Lieutenant Colonel Odumegwu Ojukwu, declared the area to be an independent republic. The name Biafra was taken from the nearby bay, the Bight of Biafra.
The head of the Nigerian government, Yakubu Gowon, did not accept Biafra's secession, and war broke out. The U.K. and the Soviet Union supported the federal government with weapons while Gabon, Tanzania, Ivory Coast, Haiti and Zambia recognized Biafra's independence, and France sent the secessionists arms. While the Biafrans won a few initial battles, they could not ultimately withstand the federal government's superior numbers. Ojukwu eventually fled the country, and Biafra was reincorporated, but not before more than a million people died in the accompanying battles and starvation.Learn more about Africa
The area where an oceanic plate descends into the mantle is called a subduction zone. Oceanic plates are denser than continental plates, so when they meet and collide, the oceanic plate slides under the continental plate into the mantle.Full Answer >
The area behind the knee is called the popliteal. This term refers to all the anatomical structures in that area. The popliteal fossa is the shallow depression located behind your knee and is sometimes called the knee pit. The popliteal fossa has lateral and medial boundaries.Full Answer >
Kilimanjaro is the tallest mountain in Africa. It is located in Tanzania in east Africa and has an elevation of 19,340 feet. The mountain formed millions of years ago as a result of volcanic activity.Full Answer >
Dallol, Ethiopia, in Africa has the highest-recorded average temperature in the world at 94 degrees Fahrenheit. As of 2014, Dallol, Ethiopia, is uninhabited. In the 1960s, Dallol had a salt-mining settlement.Full Answer >